uit de ruimte -
Solar panels on Earth out of space
all photographs Google Earth except where indicated
pride of "solar times forgone":
spectacular Nieuwland solar energy project
(including 1,351 MWp PV-power)
on the north-east rim of Amersfoort in the east of Province Utrecht
in the heart of the Netherlands
onderstaande kmz link wordt u direct naar Nieuwland geleid als
u Google Earth op uw computer heeft staan
With the kmz link below you are immediately guided to the Nieuwland
area if Google Earth is on your computer:
Small red-rimmed photographs can be clicked to show full view
numbers for the Nieuwland project (source: link
at bottom of page):
649 houses, 501 of which were fitted with solar PV modules
1.351 kWp (= 1,351 MWp) installed nominal (peak) power
estimated annual yield: 1.139.100 kWh
average electricity use (reference year 1998) 3.280 kWh/year per
total electricity household consumption: 2.100.000 kWh/year
contribution solar electricity in total consumption: 54%
used in the Nieuwland (sub-)projects are from Mastervolt. However,
also other inverter types have been used, such as from Advanced
Solar Products AG (Switzerland, "Jersey" subproject)
and, for so-called "lamel-PV panels" in the "Gele
Lis Waterwoningen", NKF - OK4 inverters, and SMA inverters
for low-rise building project.
map with hotspots:
Click on designated regions for details shown
below, or scroll downwards.
The region shown above has a surface of approximately 4 km².
Motorway on top is the A1/E231 between Amsterdam and Apeldoorn.
map with hotspots
"blue heart" of this fascinating, PV-filled Dutch urban
region. In the left hand
corner the sports hall, on the right one of the schools with a
curving solar panel
array, adjacent to child care center (center). In left center solar
tile containing roofs
of the "school-houses" (280 m² PV-tiles), above
huge solar PV arrays on the "Jersey" project in the
streets of this area.
409 m² of solid Shell Solar panels on roof extensions, with 50
m² solar thermal collector panels in 4th row and, at bottom right,
walkway with ceiling of slanted roof of 97 m² transparent PV-modules
85 m², 10 kWp PV-system, property of REMU (roof building rights),
can be watched by periscope by children, and energy production
is monitored in school. In the upper left hand corner 82 m² PV-system
of child-care centre "Plons".
Elegant PV-tiles in the central part of the SSE-facing roofs of
the houses bordering one of the canals in this area. The system
is integrated in the roof, e.g.: the panels act as roofing tiles.
Difficult to see from space, because the huge solar PV-arrays
on the south-facing roofs of this neigbourhood are
oriented at a steep slope of 70 degrees (note reflection
of cars in left half of the array). 119 houses with 2.832 m² of
PV, yearly output app. 215.000 kWh. CLICK
HERE for another detail in the area, and CLICK
photograph made in 2004 on the ground by the webmaster.
Small portion of the "Jersey" project, consisting of 99 houses
with "full-roof" PV-systems with a total surface area of
m² and an estimated
yearly output of 261.000 kWh AC.
Beautiful transparent PV laminates fill the "gap" between the linear
on both sides of the small street. "Panta Rhei" subproject, with 766
Shell Solar modules and 94 m² semi-transparent modules spanning a gap of
12 meters. Note the shading by these modules on the street!
Small portion of the huge Watergentiaan-Waterdrieblad project, 755 m² of BP
Solar modules installed on plastic consoles on the flat roofs.
Groups of 4 rows on the south side, and 2 rows of 12 modules
north side of the flat roofs. Each group serves 2 houses below the roof; each
house receives the production of app. 24 m² of solar modules through a separate
Situated on the north rim of previous subproject, along a broad avenue: "Cascade"subproject,
32 houses with 4 meter high attics containing 30 m² PV lean-to
roofs with 20 degree south slope. BP solar modules, totalling
672 m²/yearly output of 77.000 kWh.
Again, a huge subproject with 125 houses and 2.462 m² of solar modules supplied
turnkey by Ecotec Systems BV (Rotterdam), on plastic consoles on flat roofs of
two different altitudes and thus not
level. Yield per year estimated at 185.000 kWh
Small portion of "Kroosbuurt" subproject. Note the filled-up flat roofs at
two different altitude levels (left is higher than right portion).
"Zero energy houses" (2 under one roof) show in practice the 3 major solar energy
applications: passive solar, active thermal solar, and photovoltaic solar
energy with majority of standard solar modules, and semitransparent modules
Oude Grutmolen: >>>
Individual houses or (most) two-under-one-cap with 27-33 solar modules on roof
owned by REMU (utility company). Total 55 kWp, 576 m² Shell Solar modules,
Block of 6 houses with app. 48 solar PV-modules and, on top
of the roof, two "landscape"-oriented solar thermal modules.
Other data unavailable.
Paarden NE: >>>
Rent-housing of SCW cooperation Amersfoort, partially outfitted with Shell
Solar PV-modules (22,5 m²/house) and 2 Luigjes (Barneveld) solar thermal collectors
(5,6 m²/house) on top of the
roof. Total PV area 1.107 m², 110 kWp, yield 82.500 kWh/year.
Detail of other part of the social housing project with solar PV modules and
with 2 solar thermal collectors per house.
Beautiful circular housing project, probably belonging to the HBG Vastgoed
initiative in which 370 houses already provided with a double solar thermal
collector received one PV-panel as a result of the PV-program carried
out in these premises by the SCW cooperation. The silvery "inner
apparently is a metal roof construction. 370 m².
5 houses of the "circle" depicted above with each a double solar thermal collector
("portrait") and, on the right-hand side, a "landscape" solar PV module providing,
on average 3% of the yearly electricity consumption. Inverter type for these
"AC-modules" is not known.
(W. part of Nieuwland): >>>
Collective solar thermal collectors for hot water production from sunlight
on flats. One of many "spin-offs" of the succes story of Nieuwland's pioneering
solar energy building program in the final years of the 20th century.
But also: increasingly, people themselves take their energy fate in their
own hands, start to purchase, e.g., solar PV-panels, and install them on their
to offset their rapidly rising energy bills and to fulfill their own obligations
under the Kyoto protocol...
& Jan van IJken (1999). Bouwen op de Zon. Nieuwland,
Amersfoort. Eindeloze energie in een duurzame
wijk/Building Solar Suburbs. Renewable energy
in a sustainable city. - 96
pp., ill. Dutch and full English translation. Æneas,
richly illustrated. Try the publisher if it is still in stock:
to main Google
Earth photopage (other PV-projects)