SUBJECT INDEX

The references in this index are not to pages but to the Articles, Recommendations, etc. of the Code, as follows: Div. = Division; Pre. = Preamble; Prin. = Principles; arabic numerals = Articles or, when followed by a letter, Recommendations; Ex. = Examples; N. = Notes; fn. = footnotes; H. = App. I (hybrids); App. = other Appendices.

For ease of reference, a few sub-indices have been included under the following headings: Abbreviations, Definitions, Epithets, Publications, Transcriptions (and related subjects), and Word elements.

Latin plant names appearing in the body of the Code plus Appendix I are listed at the end of the Subject index, in a special section: the “index to scientific names”.


[A] [B] [C] [D] [E] [F] [G] [H] [I] [K] [L] [M] [N] [O] [P] [Q] [R] [S] [T] [U] [V] [W] [Z]

A

Abbreviation, author’s name 46A
- herbarium name 37.N.4
- personal name 60B.N.2
- ranks 5A
Abbreviations:
anam. nov. (anamorphe nova) 59A.1
auct. (auctorum) 50D
cl. (class) 5A
comb. nov. (combinatio nova) 7.4, 45A, App. VII
emend. (emendavit) 47A
& (et) 46C.1
& al. (et aliorum) 46C.2
excl. gen. (excluso genere, exclusis generibus) 47A
excl. sp. (exclusa specie, exclusis speciebus) 47A
excl. var. (exclusa varietate, exclusis varietatibus) 47A
f. (forma) 5A
fam. (family) 5A
gen. (genus) 5A
gen. nov. (genus novum) 45A
loc. cit. (loco citato) 33A
m. (mihi) 46D
mut. char. (mutatis characteribus) 47A
n- (notho-) H.3.1
nob. (nobis) 46D
nom. alt. (nomen alternativum) 19.Ex.3, 19.7
nom. cons. (nomen conservandum) 50E.1, App. VII
nom. nov. (nomen novum) 45A, App. VII
nom. nud. (nomen nudum) 50B, App. VII
nothosp. (nothospecies) 5A
op. cit. (opere citato) 33A
ord. (order) 5A
p. p. (pro parte) 47A
pro hybr. (pro hybrida) 50.Ex.2
pro sp. (pro specie) 50.Ex.1
pro syn. (pro synonymo) 50A
s. ampl. (sensu amplo) 47A
s. l. (sensu lato) 47A
s. str. (sensu stricto) 47A
sect. (section) 5A
ser. (series) 5A
sp. (species) 5A
sp. nov. (species novum) 45A
St. (Saint), in epithet 60C.5(d)
stat. nov. (status novus) 7.4, 45A
subg. (subgenus) 5A
subsp. (subspecies) 5A
tr. (tribe) 5A
var. (variety) 5A
Absence of a rule Pre. 10
Abstract 30A.3
Abstracting journals 30A
Acceptance of name 34.1(a), 45.1
Adjective, as epithet 23.1+5+6(a+c), 24.2, 60.8, 60C.1(c-d), 60D
- - plural 21.2, 21B.2-3
- as noun 20A.1(f)
- - plural 18.1, 19.1
Admixture 8.2, App. VII
Agreement, grammatical, see under Gender
- in number 60.N.4
Agricultural plants, designation 4.N.3, 28.N.2-5
Algae, Committee for Div. III.2(5)
- fossil vs. non-fossil 11.8
- homonymy with bacterial name 54.N.1
- illustration 39, 39A
- Latin description or diagnosis 36.1-3
- living culture from holotype 8B.1
- names classes and subclasses 16A.3(a)
- originally assigned to non-plant group 45.4
- starting points 13.1(e)
Alliance, instead of order 17.2
Alteration of circumscription, author citation 47, 47A
- of rank, author citation 49
- - priority 11.2
- of status, hybrid/non-hybrid 50
Alternative names 34.2, App. VII
- different ranks 34.2
- families 10.6, 11.1, 18.5-6, App. VII
- pleomorphic fungi 34.N.1
- subfamily 10.6, 11.1, 19.7
- valid publication 34.2
Ambiguity, avoidance Pre. 1
Amendment, see Modification
American code of botanical nomenclature 10.Ex.7
Ampersand (&) 46C
Anagram 20.Ex.1, 60B.N.2
Analysis 42.4, App. VII
- equivalence for non-vascular plants 44.2
- for valid publication 42.3, 44.1
Anamorph 1.3, 59.1, App. VII
- alternative names 34.N.1
- binary names admissible 59.5
- name, binary 59.5
- - new 59A.1
- - not alternative 34.N.1
- - priority 13.6, 59.1+4
- - type 7.8, 59.1-3+6
- - use permitted 59.5
- new taxon/new combination 59.6, 59A.2
Apostrophe, deletion 60.10
Appendix, I, see Hybrid
- II 14.1+5+N.1, 18.Ex.8
- III 14.1+3+N.1-2, 50E.1, 53.Ex.11, 60.Ex.6
- IV 14.1+N.1-2, 50E.1
- V 50E.2, 56.1
- VI 20.N.2, 32.9
Arbitrary formation, epithet 23.2
- generic name 20.1, 62.3
Article(s), in personal name 60C.5(c)
- of the Code Pre. 3
Ascomycetes, pleomorphic 59.1
Ascription, definition 46.3, App. VII
- effect on author citation 46.2+4
Asexual form, see Anamorph
Author, citation (see also Citation) 46
- - alteration of diagnostic characters 47
- - autonyms 22.1, 26.1
- - basionym 49
- - change of rank 19A.Ex.1-2, 49
- - external evidence 46.N.3
- - followed by “in” 46.N.1+Ex.10-13
- - homonyms 50C
- - hybrid names 50
- - incorrect form 33.5
- - internal evidence 46.7+N.3
- - omission 22.1, 26.1
- - parenthetical 49
- - pre-starting point authors 46.6
- - unchanged 18.4, 19.6, 21.4, 24.4, 32.5, 47
- - with “&” or “& al.” 46
- - with “ex” 46.4-6+N.3
- method of working 9A.1
- names, abbreviation 46A+N.1
- - own to be used 46D
- - romanization 46B
- nomenclatural novelties 30A.2-3
Authors of proposals Div. III.4
Autograph, indelible 30.1, App. VII
Automatic typification, see Type
Autonym 6.8, App. VII
- establishment 22.3, 26.3
- in new combination 11.N.3
- infraspecific taxa 26.1
- no author name 22.1, 26.1
- priority 11.6
- subdivisions of genus 22.1
- valid publication 6.N.1, 32.8
Available, epithet 11.5, 58, App. VII
- name 14.10
- printed matter 31.1
- under zoological Code 45.Ex.4 fn.
Avowed substitute, see Nomen novum

B

Back-cross H.4
Bacterial names 54A
- nomenclature, see International code of nomenclature of bacteria
- taxa 54A
Basidiomycetes, pleomorphic 59.1
Basionym 33.4, 52.3, App. VII
- author citation 46.N.2+Ex.22, 49
- reference 32.5-6, 33.2-3+5, 33A, 41
- - cryptic 32.6
- - full and direct 32.6, 33.4, 33A
- - indirect 32.5-6, 41
- - mere cross-reference to bibliography 33A
- - not given 33.3
- type 7.4
- without indication of rank 35.3
Bibliographic citation, error 33.5
- use of “in” 46.N.1
Bigeneric hybrid H.6.2
Binary, name 21.4, 23.1, App. VII
- - as epithet 24.4
- - for form taxa 59.5
- - for holomorph 59
- system 20.2
Binding decision, on confusability 53.5
Blue-green algae Pre. 7
Bona fide botanists 7A
Bryophyta, Committee for Div.III.2(3)
Bureau of Nomenclature Div.III.3+4(b2)
- officers Div.III.3

C

Canonization, prefix indicating 60C.5(d)
Capital initial letter 20.1, 21.2, 60.2
Catalogue 30.3
“Caulis”, not a generic name 20.Ex.6
CD-ROM 30A.Ex.1
Change of name, proper reasons Pre. 9
Choice between names, see under Priority
Choice of type, see Lectotype and Designation
Circumscription Prin. IV, 6.5, 11.1
- alteration, citation 47, 47A
- anticipation 34.1(b)
- causing nomenclatural superfluity 52.1
- nothotaxon H.4
Citation (see also Author citation)
- altered circumscription 47A
- basionym 32.6, 33.3-5, 33A, 41
- bibliographic error 33.5+7
- collection data 37.3
- date of publication 45B.1
- holotype 37.3
- homonym 50C
- lectotype 37.3
- “loc. cit.”, avoid use 33A
- misapplied name 50D
- name not validly published 50A
- nomen conservandum 50E.1
- nomen nudum 50B
- “op. cit.”, avoid use 33A
- orthographical variant 61.N.1
- rules to follow 46
- single element 37.3
- synonym 34.1, 50A
Class (classis), abbreviation 5A
- name 16A.3
- rank 3.1
Classical usage, see Tradition
Coalball 8A.3
Code, editing Div.III.2(7)
- governance Pre. 6, Div.III
- modification Div.III.1
“Cohors”, instead of order 17.2
Collection, public 7A, 8B.1
Collection data, citation 37.3
- illustrated material 8A.2
Colon, use in sanctioned name 50E.3
Combination 6.7, App. VII
- based on rejected name 14.4+7+10, 50E.N.1, 56.1
- binary 21.1, 23.1, 24.4, App. VII
- ternary 24.1
- under conserved later homonym 55.3
- valid publication 33.1-3
Committees, nomenclature 14.12+14, 14A, 53.5, 56.2, Div.III.2
Compact disk 30A.Ex.1
Component, fungal, in lichens 13.1(d)
Compound App. VII
- correctable epithets 60.8
- generic names, gender 62.2
- names and epithets 60G.1
Condensed formula H.6.1-2+4, H.7
- as epithet H.7, H.8.1
- commemorating person H.6.3-4, H.6A, H.8.2
- equivalent to H.6.3-4, H.6A, H.8.2, H.9.N.1
- form H.6.2-4, H.7
- no type 37.1, H.9.N.1
- nothogeneric name 20.N.1, H.6, H.6A, H.8-9
- - more than two parental genera H.6.3-4
- - valid publication 32.1(c), 37.1, 40.N.1, H.9
- parental names H.8.1, H.9
Conflict with protologue 9.17(b), 9A.5, 10.2+5
Confused name, not to be used 57
Confusingly similar names 53.3-5, 61.5, App. VII
- binding decision 53.5
- treated as homonyms 53.3-5
Connecting vowel 60.Ex.18, 60G.1(a2), 60G.Ex.1
Conservation (see also Deposited material and Preservation) 14, 14A, App. II, III, IV, VII
- aims 14.1-2
- citation 50E
- combination under conserved homonym 55.3
- date, effect on competing names 14.N.3
- - not affecting priority 14.5-7
- extent 14.4-5+10
- family name 14.1+4-5, App. IIA-B
- - based on illegitimate generic name 18.3
- gender 14.11
- General Committee approval 14.14
- generic name 14.1+4, App. III
- illegitimate name 6.4, 14.1
- junior homonym 14.6+10+14, 53.1
- limitation of priority by 11.3
- lists permanently open 14.12
- name against itself 14.N.1 +fn.
- no entry to be deleted 14.13
- overrides sanctioning 15.6
- proposal 14.12+14, 14A
- species name 14.1+4+N.2, App. IV
- spelling 14.11, 60.N.1
- type 14.3+8-9, 48.N.2
Correct, grammar Pre. 1
- name Prin. IV, 6.6, 11.1+3-4, App. VII
- - choice 11.5+N.2, 14.5-7, 15.3-5
- - of nothotaxon H.4, H.5.N.1, H.8
- - of pleomorphic fungus 59.1
- - potentially 52.3, H.5.N.1
- spelling, see Orthography
Correction slip 30A
Cultivar epithet 28.N.2
Cultivated plants Pre. 8, 28
- from the wild 28
Culture 8.4
- collection 8B.1
- from type 8B.2
Custom (see also Tradition), author abbreviation 46A.4
- established Pre. 10, 23.8
- prevailing Pre. 1

D

Date, of autonym 32.8
- of name, definition 45.1, App. VII
- - Linnaean generic 13.4, 41.N.1
- of publication 31.1-2, 31A, 45B.1, 45C.1
- - starting point works 13.1+5
- unchanged 16.3, 18.4, 19.6, 24.4, 32.7
Definitions:
Admixture App. VII
Alternative family names App. VII
Alternative names 34.2, App. VII
Analysis 42.4, App. VII
Anamorph 59.1, App. VII
Ascription 46.3, App. VII
Automatic typification App. VII
Autonym 6.8, App. VII
Available name 45.Ex.4 fn., App. VII
Avowed substitute App. VII
Basionym 33.4, App. VII
Binary combination 23.1, App. VII
Combinatio nova App. VII
Combination 6.7, App. VII
Compound 60G.1, App. VII
Confusingly similar names App. VII
Conserved name App. VII
Correct name 6.6, 11.4, App. VII
Cultivar App. VII
Date of name 45.1, App. VII
Descriptio generico-specifica App. VII
Description App. VII
Descriptive name App. VII
Designation App. VII
Diagnosis 32.2, App. VII
Duplicate 8.3 fn., App. VII
Effective publication 6.1, 29, App. VII
Epithet 6.7, 21.2, 23.1-2, 24.2, App. VII
Epitype 9.7, App. VII
Exsicca App. VII
Ex-type, ex-holotype, ex-isotype 8B.2, App. VII
Final epithet 11.4 fn., App. VII
Forma specialis 4.N.4, App. VII
Form-taxon App. VII
Fossil plant Pre. 7 fn., App. VII
Gathering App. VII
Heterotypic synonym 14.4, App. III, App. VII
Holomorph 59.1, App. VII
Holotype 9.1, App. VII
Homonym 53.1, App. VII
Homotypic synonym 14.4, App. III, App. VII
Hybrid formula H.2, App. VII
Illegitimate name 6.4, App. VII
Illustration with analysis 42.4, App. VII
Improper Latin termination App. VII
Indelible autograph 30.2, App. VII
Indirect reference 32.6, App. VII
Informal usage App. VII
Isonym App. VII
Isosyntype 9.10, App. VII
Isotype 9.3, App. VII
Later homonym 53.1, App. VII
Lectotype 9.2, App. VII
Legitimate name 6.5, App. VII
Misplaced term App. VII
Monotypic genus 42.2, App. VII
Morphotaxon 1.2, App. VII
Name 6.3, App. VII
Name below rank of genus 11.4
Name of infraspecific taxon 24.1
Name of species 23.1
Neotype 9.6, App. VII
New combination App. VII
New name App. VII
Nomen conservandum App. VII
Nomen novum 7.3, App. VII
Nomen nudum App. VII
Nomen rejiciendum 56.1, App. VII
Nomen utique rejiciendum App. VII
Nomenclatural novelty App. VII
Nomenclatural synonym 14.4, App. III, App. VII
Nomenclatural type 7.2, App. VII
Non-fossil plant Pre. 7 fn., App. VII
Non-valid publication 34.1
Nothogenus 3.2, App. VII
Nothomorph H.12.2 fn., App. VII
Nothospecies 3.2, App. VII
Nothotaxon H.3.1, App. VII
Objective synonym 14.4 fn., App. VII
Opus utique oppressum 32.9, App. VI, App. VII
Original material 9.N.2, App. VII
Original spelling 60.2, App. VII
Orthographical variant 61.2, App. VII
Page reference 33.N.1, App. VII
Paratype 9.5 App. VII
Plant Pre. 1 fn., App. VII
Position App. VII
Priority App. VII
Protologue 8A.4 fn, App. VII
Provisional name 34.1(b), App. VII
Pseudocompound 60G.1(b), App. VII
Rejected name 14.4, 56.1, App. VII
Replaced synonym App. VII
Replacement name App. VII
Sanctioned name 7.8, 13.1(d), 15.1, App. VII
Special form App. VII
Specimen 8.2, App. VII
Status App. VII
Subdivision of family 4.N.2, App. VII
Subdivision of genus 4.N.2, App. VII
Subjective synonym 14.4 fn., App. VII
Superfluous name 52.1, App. VII
Synonym App. VII
Syntype 9.4, App. VII
Tautonym 23.4, App. VII
Taxon 1, App. VII
Taxonomic synonym 14.4, App. III, App. VII
Teleomorph 59.1, App. VII
Type 7.2, App. VII
Valid publication 6.2, 32.1
Validly published name App. VII
Voted example App. VII
Delivery, printed matter to carrier 31A
Deposited material, access policy 7A
- specification of herbarium 9.20, 37.7+N.4
Descriptio generico-specifica 42.1, App. VII
Description, in addition to diagnosis 36A, App. VII
- or diagnosis, ascription 46.2+4
- - combined generic and specific 41.3(c), 42.1
- - doubtful 32.4
- - English 36.3
- - Latin 36.1-3, 36A
- - pre-Linnaean 32A
- - provision 32.1, 32B+E, 41.1-3, 42.1
- - published before 1753 32A
- - reference 32.1(d)+5-6, 32A, 33.4, 36, 38, 39, 41
- - - full and direct 32.5, 33.4-5, 33A
- - - indirect 32.5-7, 41
- - - not acceptable 42.1
Descriptive, name 16.1, App. VII
- phrase 23.6-7
Designation of type (see also Lectotype and Unitary) 10.1+5-6, 10A
- effective, requirements 7.10-11+N.2
- “here designated”, “hic designatus” 7.11
- mandatory 37.1-5, 37A
- statement 7.11
- supersedable 10.5
Desmidiaceae, starting point 13.1(e)
Diacritical signs 46B.2, 60.6, 60B.N.1, 60C.4
Diaeresis 60.6
Diagnosis (see also Description) 32.2, App. VII
- accompanying description 36A
- definition 32.2-3
Diagnostic characters, alteration 47, 47A
Diatoms 11.8, 44.Ex.2
Direction of cross H.2A.1
Disadvantageous change of name 56.1
Division (divisio) or phylum, name 16A.1
- rank 3.1, 16.N.1
Doubt Pre. 10, 34.1, 52.N.1
Duplicate, definition 8.3 fn., App. VII

E

Editorial Committee Div.III.2
Effective publication, date 31.1+N.1+Ex.4
- definition 6.1, 29, App. VII
- indelible autograph 30.1
- requirement for valid publication 32.1
- theses 30.5+Ex.6-11
Electronic media 29+29A
Element, citation 37.3, 52.2
- conflicting with description 9A.5
- heterogeneous 9.12, 9A.5
- inclusion 52.2
- - with doubt 52.N.1
English, description or diagnosis 36.3
Ennoblement, prefix indicating 60C.5(d)
Ephemeral printed matter 30A
Epithet (see also Adjective and Noun) 6.7, 21.2, 23.1-2, 24.2, App. VII
- avoidance 23A.2-3, 60C.4, H.10A
- compound 60.8, 60G.1
- considered as hybrid formula H.10.3
- cultivar 28.N.2
- customary spelling 60E
- definite association with genus or species name 33.1
- derived from, geographical name 23A.1, 60.7, 60D
- - name of associated organism 60.12
- - illegitimate name 58
- - personal name 23A.1, 60.7, 60C.1-5
- - vernacular name 60.7
- etymology 60H
- final 11.4 fn., 27, App. VII
- fungal name, derived from associated organism 60.12
- - identical for anamorph and holomorph 59.N.1
- hyphenation 60.9
- inadmissible 21.3, 23.4+6, 24.3-4
- initial letter 60F
- nothotaxon H.10.3, H.10A, H.11.2
- not Latin form 28.N.5
- pleomorphic fungi 59.N.1, 59A.2
- recommended spelling 60E
- sequence in hybrid formula H.2A.1
Epithets (see also Index to scientific names):
afzelianus, afzelii 60C.Ex.1
albiziae, not “albizziae 60.Ex.32
albomarginatus 60G.1(b)
alcoquiana, not “alcockiana 60.Ex.12
alexandri 60C.2
amnicola, not “amnicolus 23.Ex.8
amorginum 60D.Ex.1
annonicola, not “anonicola 60.Ex.32
anagallis-aquatica, not “anagallis ”, nor “anagallisaquatica 23.Ex.2, 60.Ex.21
atropurpureum, not “atro-purpureum 60.Ex.20
atropurpureus 60G.1(b)
augusti 60C.2
austro-occidentale, not “austroöccidentale 60.Ex.21
backhousei, not “backhousii 60.Ex.15
balansana, -um, -us 60C.1(c)
barbro 60.Ex.27
bauhini 60C.Ex.1
beatricis 60C.2
berteronianus, not “berteroanus 60.Ex.14
bigelovii, bigelowii 60.Ex.13
billardierei, not “billardierii 60.Ex.15
brandegeeana, not “brandegeana 60.Ex.15
brauniarum 60C.1(b)
brienianus 60C.5(b)
brunonianus, brunonis 60C.Ex.1
bureavii, not “bureaui 60.Ex.13
caespitosus, cespitosus 60.Ex.1
cami 60C.2
candollei 60C.5(d)
cannifolia, not “cannaefolia 60.Ex.17
caricaefolius 60G.1(b)
cespitosus, caespitosus 60.Ex.1
ceylanica, zeylandica 53.Ex.9, 60.Ex.1
chamissonianus, chamissonis 60C.Ex.1
chamissonis, not “chamissoi 60.Ex.14
chinensis 53.Ex.9, 60E.Ex.1
ciliatoglandulifer, not “ciliato-glandulifer 60.Ex.20
clusianus, clusii 23A.1
codesuri, not “codesurii 60.Ex.26
conceptionis 60C.2
costaricensis, not “costa-ricensis 60.Ex.20
dahuricus 23A.1
dubuyssonii 60C.5(c)
echidna, not “echidnum 23.Ex.7
edithae 60C.2
elisabethae 60C.2
fedtschenkoi, fedtschenkoae 60C.1(a)
fortunei, not “fortuni 60.Ex.15
genuinus 9A.3, 24.3
geppiorum 60.Ex.31
glazioui 60.Ex.13, 60C.1(a)
grayi 60C.1(a)
griffithianum 60C.1(d)
hectoris 60C.2
heteropodus, heteropus 53.Ex.9
heyneanus 60C.1(c)
hilairei 60C.5(d)
hookerorum 60C.1(a)
iansonii, not “i’ansoni 60.Ex.23
iheringii 60C.5(e)
jamacaru 60.Ex.7
jussieui 60C.5(d)
kamoji, not “kamojii 60.Ex.28
laceae 60C.1(a)
lacryma-jobi, not “lacrymajobi 60.Ex.21
lafarinae 60C.5(c)
lecardii 60C.1(b)
leclercii 60C.5(c)
linnaei 60C.2
logatoi 60C.5(c)
loureiroi, not “loureirei” nor “loureiri 60.Ex.15
macfadyenii 60C.5(a)
macgillivrayi 60C.5(a)
mackenii 60C.5(a)
macnabii 60C.5(a)
macrocarpon, macrocarpum 53.Ex.9
macrostachys, macrostachyus 53.Ex.9
mandacaru 60.Ex.7
martii 60C.2+5(e)
martini 60C.2
masoniorum 60C.1(b)
matthewsiae, not “matthewsii 60.Ex.30
melvilleorum, not “melvilliorum 60.Ex.15
mombin 23.Ex.1
mossambica, mozambica 60.Ex.1
munronis 60C.2
murielae 60C.2
murukewillu, not “muru’kewillu 60.Ex.23
myricifolia 60G.Ex.1
napaeifolia, not “napeaefolia 60.Ex.18
napaulensis, nepalensis, nipalensis 53.Ex.9
neoëbudarum, not “neo-ebudarum 60.Ex.20
nidus-avis 60G.1(b)
nova 23.Ex.11
novae-angliae, not “novaeängliae 60.Ex.21
obrienii 60C.5(b)
odonellii, not “o’donellii 60.Ex.23
okellyi 60C.5(b)
opuntiiflora, not “opuntiaeflora 60.Ex.17
originalis”, “originarius 24.3
orlovskajae 60C.1(a)
pecten-veneris, not “pecten 23.Ex.2
pennsylvanica 60D.Ex.1
pissardii, not “pissardi”, nor “pissarti 60.Ex.25
poikilantha, poikilanthes 53.Ex.9
pojarkovae 60C.1(a)
polifolia, not “poliifolia 60.Ex.19
polyanthemos, polyanthemus 53.Ex.9
porsildiorum 23A.1
pseudoplatanus, not “pseudo-platanus 60.Ex.20
pteroides, pteroideus 53.Ex.9
quinquegona 51.Ex.2
remyi 60C.5(d)
richardsonis 60C.2
rumphianus, rumphii 60C.Ex.1
saharae 23A.1
sanctae-helenae 60C.5(d)
sancti-johannis 60C.5(d)
scopolii 60C.1(a)
segetum, not “segeta 23.Ex.7
silvatica, sylvatica 60.Ex.1
sinensis 53.Ex.9, 60E.Ex.1
steenisii 60C.5(e)
strassenii 60C.5(e)
sylvatica, silvatica 60.Ex.1
tamaboki, not “tamabokii 60.Ex.28
toddiae 60.Ex.29
trachycaulon, trachycaulum 53.Ex.9
trianae 60C.1(a)
trinervis, trinervius 53.Ex.9
tubaeflorus 60G.1(b)
typicus 9A.3, 24.3
uva-ursi, not “uvaürsi 60.Ex.21
vanbruntiae 60C.5(e)
vanderhoekii 60C.5(e)
vechtii 60C.5(e)
veridicus”, “verus 24.3
verlotiorum 60C.1(b)
vonhausenii 60C.5(e)
wilsoniae 60C.1(b)
wislizeni 60C.2
zeylanica, ceylanica 53.Ex.9, 60.Ex.1
Epitype, definition 9.7, App. VII
- no standing 9.N.5
Error, application of name on transfer 7.4
- bibliographic citation 33.5, 33.7
- correctable spelling 60.1+8-12
Established custom, see Custom
Establishment, cultivar epithets 28.N.5
“et” (&) 46C.1
Etymology 60H
Euphony Pre. 1
“ex” in author citation 46.4, 6+N.4
Examples in the Code Pre. 3
- voted 7.Ex.10 fn., App. VII
Exclusion of type, see under Type
Exsiccata 30.4+N.1, App. VII
External evidence in publication 46.N.3
ex-type (ex typo), ex-holotype (ex holotypo), ex-isotype (ex isotypo) 8B.2, App. VII

F

Family (familia), abbreviation 5A
- name 18
- - alternative 10.6, 11.1, 18.5-6, App. VII
- - based on illegitimate generic name 18.3
- - conservation 14.1+4-5, App. IIA-B
- - correction of termination 18.4
- - form 18.1
- - type 10.6
- - valid publication 41.1
- rank 3.1
- - change 19A.1-2
- - termed order 18.2+N.1
- subdivision of, see Subdivision of family
Female symbol H.2A.1
Figure, see Illustration
Final epithet 11.4 +fn. +N.2, N.4, 26.1-2, 27, App. VII
First, see Priority
“Folium”, not a generic name 20.Ex.6
Forestry plants, designation 4.N.3, 28.N.2
Form (forma), abbreviation 5A
- rank 4.1
Forma specialis, definition 4.N.4
Form-taxon 1.3, 11.1, App. VII
Fossil plant Pre. 7 fn., 13.3
- Committee for Div.III.2
- description or diagnosis 36.3, 38
- life-history stage 1.2+N.1+Ex.1-2
- morphotaxon 1.2-3+N.1, 11.1+7
- name, priority 11.7
- - type 7.9, 8.5, 8A.3
- - valid publication 36.3, 38
- - - illustration required 38
- preservational state 1.2+N.1+Ex.1
- starting point 13.1(f)
- type specimen 38.2
- vs. non-fossil 11.7, 13.3
Fungi (see also Anamorph, Holomorph, Teleomorph)
- associated organism 60.12
- Committee for Div.III.2
- epithet, derived from name associated organism 60.12
- formae speciales 4.N.4
- homonymy with bacterial name 54.N.1
- host 32E
- indication of sanctioned status 50E.3
- lichen-forming 13.1(d), 59.1
- living culture from holotype 8B.1
- names of higher taxa 16A.1-2+3(b)
- parasitic 4.N.3, 32E
- pleomorphic 1.3, 59, 59A
- - form-taxon (anamorph) 1.3, 11.1, 59.1, App. VII
- - generic name pertaining to the wrong morph 51, 59.3
- - holomorph including correlated anamorphs 25, 34.N.1, 59.1+4
- - morph, nomenclatural type 59.1-3+6, 59A
- - new morph 59.6, 59A
- - priority of names 13.6
- - typification of names 7.8-9+N.1, 59.2-3+6-7
- starting point 13.1(d)

G

Gasteromycetes, starting point 13.1(d)
Gathering, App. VII
- location 37.N.2
- part 8.2
- reference to 37.2-3
- single 8.3, 9.15, 37.3
Gender, agreement in 21.2, 23.5, 24.2, 60.N.4
- generic name 62, 62A
- - arbitrarily formed name 62.3
- - assigned by author 62.1+3
- - botanical tradition 62.1+N.1
- - compound 62.2
- - conservation 14.11
- - correction of epithets 23.5, 60.N.4
- - feminine when commemorating person 20A.1(i)
- - irrespective of original author 62.1+4+Ex.2
- - not apparent 62.3
- - when genus is divided 62A
General Committee 14.12+14, 14A, 32.9-10, 32F, 53.5, 56.2, Div.III.2+4
Generic, see Genus
Genitive, see under Noun
Genus (genera) (see also Nothogenus) 3, 20, 20A
- abbreviation 5A
- anamorphic 59.3
- holomorphic 59.3
- monotypic 37.6, 42.1(a)+2
- name 20, 20A
- - adjective used as noun 20A.1(f), 62.3
- - as autonym epithet 22.1-4+Ex.1
- - capital initial letter 20.1
- - coinciding with technical term 20.2
- - commemorating person 20A.1(i), 60B
- - composed arbitrarily 20.1, 62.3
- - conservation 14.1+3-4, 60.N.1+N.3, App. III
- - form 20.1
- - - advisable 20A.1(a+e+i)
- - - not advisable 20A.1(b-d+f-h+j)
- - gender, see Gender
- - hyphenated 20.3, 60.N.2
- - illegitimate 22.5, 55.1
- - in Linnaean works 13.4, 41.N.1
- - new with a basionym 33.8
- - not regarded as such 20.4
- - type 10.1-5+N.1-2
- - - designation 10.1+5
- - - inclusion 10.2-3
- - - indication 37.1+3+6
- - valid publication 37.1, 41.2+N.1-2, 42, App. VI
- - vernacular 62.3
- rank 3.1
- - raised section or subgenus 21B.4, 49.1
- subdivision, see Subdivision of genus
Geographical names, in epithets 23A.1+3(j), 60.7, 60D
- use of “St.” 60C.5(d)
Grammatical correctness Pre. 1
Greek, gender of nouns 62.N.1
- personal names 60C.2
- transliteration 60A
- word elements 60G

H

Handwritten material 29, 30.2
Hepaticae, starting point 13.1(c)
Herbarium, abbreviation 37.N.4
- access policy 7A
- author’s herbarium 9A.1
- author’s institution 9A.4
- sheet 8.2, 9.12, 9A.3
- to be specified 37.7
Heterotypic synonym 11.Ex.1, 14.4, 15.Ex.3, App. IIA, App. III, App. IV, App. VII
Hierarchy of ranks 2, 3, 4, 5
- subordinate taxa 25, 34.1(d)
Holomorph 25, 59.1, App. VII
- name, binary 59.2
- - correct 59.1
- - not alternative 34.N.1
- - priority 13.6, 59.1+4
- - type 59.1-3+6
- new taxon/new combination 59.6, 59A.2
Holotype (holotypus) (see also Type) 9.1, 10.N.1, App. VII
- automatic 7.3-6
- collection data 8A.2, 37.7
- definite indication 7.5
- designation 7.5, 9.1+4, 37.6
- destroyed 9.9+14
- duplicate 9.3
- equivalent in modern language 37.6
- exclusion 48
- identification ambiguous 9.7
- illustration 8.1, 8A.1-2, 9.1
- inclusion, in named taxon 10.2-3, 22.1-2, 22A, 26, 26A, 52.2+N.2
- - in other taxon 48
- indication 9.9, 37.1-4, 37A
- - single element 37.3
- living 8.4, 8B.1-2
- location 9A.4, 37.7
- lost 9.9+14
- missing 9.2+6+9+11
- more than one taxon 9.2+9+12
- permanently preserved 8.4+Ex.6, 8B.2
- - in public herbarium 7A
- previously published species name 37.3
- rediscovered 9.17
- specimen data 8A.2, 37.3
- supporting epitype 9.7
Homonym (see also Confusingly similar names) 14.10, 22.7, 53.1, App. VII
- by conservation 14.9
- by exclusion of type 48
- choice between simultaneous 53.6
- citation 46.3, 50C
- conserved later 14.9-10, 45.3, 53.1, 55.3
- disregard hybrid status H.3.3
- earlier 14.6+10, 45.3, 53.N.1
- equal priority 53.6
- illegitimate 21.N.1, 24.N.2, 53.1-2+N.1
- infraspecific taxa, same species 24.N.2, 53.3
- later 14.10, 22.7, 45.3, 53.1-2+N.1, App. VII
- names likely to be confused 53.3
- of conserved name 14.10
- rejected, earlier 14.10
- - later 45.3
- - legitimate 14.10
- sanctioned 45.3, 53.1-2
- subdivisions of same genus 21.N.1
- taxon not treated as plants 54
- unranked 35.3
Homotypic synonym 11.N.2, 14.4+Ex.1+Ex.4, 52.2(e)+Ex.9+Ex.10, App. III, App. IV, App. VII
Horticultural plants, designation 4.N.2, 28.N.2
Host name 32E
- specific form 4.N.4
Hybrid Pre. 7, 3.2, 4.4, 20.N.1, 28.N.1, 40, 50, H.1-12
- anticipation of existence H.9.N.2
- arising in cultivation 28.N.1
- change to non-hybrid status 50
- condensed formula, see Condensed formula
- “Cultivated Plant Code” Pre. 8, 28.N.2+N.4-5
- formula 23.6(d), H.2, H.2A, H.4, H.10.3, App. VII
- - definition H.2
- - more informative H.10B.1
- genus, see Nothogenus and Condensed formula
- multiplication sign H.1, 2, H.3.1+3, H.3A
- name, see under Nothotaxon
- parental taxa, see under Nothotaxon
- prefix notho (n-) H.1, H.3.1+3
- rank, see under Nothotaxon
- species, see Nothospecies
- statement of parentage 52.N.3
- - of secondary importance H.10.N.1
- status, indication of 50, H.1, H.2
- taxon, see Nothotaxon
- variety, see Nothomorph
Hyphen, in compound epithet 23.1, 23A.3(d), 60.9+N.3
- in generic name 20.3, 60.N.2
- in hybrid designation H.10.3

I

Illegitimate name 6.4, 52, 53, 54, App. VII
- autonyms 27.2+Ex.1
- becoming legitimate later 6.4
- - by conservation 6.4, 14.1
- - by sanctioning 6.4
- family 18.3
- genus 18.3, 55.1
- homonyms 21.N.1, 24.N.2, 53.1-2, 54
- hybrid 52.N.3
- sanctioned 53.2
- species 55.2
- subdivision of family 19.5
- type 7.5
Illustration, advisable 32D.1
- algae 39, 39A
- as type 8.1, 8A.1-2, 9.1-2+6-7 +fn. +10+19, 10.4, 37.3+7
- equivalent to description 41.N.2, 42.3, 44.2
- fossil plant 9.13, 38
- of type 39A
- original material 9.2.
- scale 32D.3
- specimen used 8A.1-2, 32D.2, 39A
- with analysis 41.N.2, 42.3-4, 44.1-2, App. VII
Improper, see Incorrect
“in” in citation 46.N.1
Inadmissible, see under Epithet
Inclusion of type 22.1-3, 22A, 26, 26A, 52.1-2
Incorrect (see also Orthography, correction), Latin termination 16.3, 18.4, 19.6, 32.7, App. VII
- name 52.3, H.5.N.1
Indelible autograph 30.2, App. VII
Index fungorum 46A.N.1
Index herbariorum 37.N.4
Index kewensis 33.6
Index of fungi 33.6+Ex.16
Indexing centre 30A.2
Indication, of rank, see under Rank
- of type, see under Type
Indirect reference 32.5-6, App. VII
Infrageneric, see Epithet, Infraspecific, Species, Subdivision of genus
Infraspecific, autonym 26
- epithet (see also Epithet) 24, 24A-B, 26, 26A, 27
- - binary combination instead of 24.4
- - cultivar 28.N.2+N.4-5
- - form 24.2
- - grammatical agreement 24.2
- - inadmissible 24.3-4
- - nothotaxon H.10.3, H.10A, H.11.2
- - to be avoided 24B.1, 26A.2
- - to be retained 24B.2, 24B.1, 26A.3
- - under illegitimate species name 55.2
- name 24, 26-27
- - form 24.1
- - homonymous within species 53.4
- - legitimate 55.2
- - valid publication 41.3, 43, 44.1
- ranks 4.1-2
- - change 24B.2
- - not clearly indicated 35.1
- - single 35.4
- taxon 24, 25, 26, 27, H.10, 11, 12
- - assignment to species 3.N.1
- - including type of species name 26.1-2, 26A, 27
- - rank not indicated 35.4
Institution, see Collection and Herbarium
Institutional votes Div.III.4(b2) +fn.
Intentional latinization 60.7
Intercalated ranks 4.3
Intergeneric hybrid, see Nothogenus
Interim designation 23.Ex.12
Internal evidence in publication 30.N.2, 46.6
- absence 46.N.3
International, Association for Plant Taxonomy Div. III.2+4(a1)
- Botanical Congress 14.14+Ex.8, 32.10, 53.5, Div. III
- - Bureau of Nomenclature Div. III.3+4(b2)
- - decisions 14.14, 32.10, 53.5, Div.III.2(7)
- - plenary session Div. III.1
- code of nomenclature for cultivated plants Pre. 8, 28.N.2+N.4-5, H.4.N.1
- code of nomenclature of bacteria Pre. 7 fn., 14.4 fn., 54.N.1
- code of zoological nomenclature 14.4 fn., 45.Ex.5-10+Ex.4 fn.
- Commission for the Nomenclature of Cultivated Plants Pre. 8
- Plant Name Index 46A.N.1
- Union of Biological Sciences Div. III.1 fn.
Isonym 6.N.2, 14.N.1, App. VII
Isosyntype 9.10, App. VII
Isotype 9.3+10, App. VII

K

Kingdom (regnum), rank 3.1

L

Later homonym, see Homonym
Latin, and latinization, accepted usage 60E
- - geographical names 23A.1, 60.7+N.2, 60D
- - personal names 23A.1-2, 60.7+N.2, 60B, 60C
- - vernacular names 60.7+Ex.5+Ex.7+Ex.28, 62.3
- description or diagnosis 36, 36A
- termination 32.7, 60B, 60C.1, App. VII
- transliteration to, see Romanization
- word elements 60G
Lectotype (see also Designation of type) 9.2, 10.N.1, App. VII
- designation 9.9-10, 9.17, 9.20-21, 9A
- - effective, requirements 7.10-11+N.2, 9.20-21
- - first to be followed 9.17
- destroyed 9.14
- identification ambiguous 9.7
- illustration 8.1, 8A.1, 9.2+13
- inclusion, in named taxon 26.2, 52.2(b)+N.1-2
- location to be specified 9.20
- names of fossil species 9.13
- precedence over neotype 9.11
- preserving current usage 9A.5
- previously designated 9.14, 26.2, 52.2(b)
- previously published species name 37.3
- supersedable 9.13+17
- supporting epitype 9.7
Legitimate name 6.5, 51, 52.3+N.1-3, App. VII
- by conservation 14.1
- epithet under illegitimate or rejected name 55.1-3
- maintenance 51
- nothotaxon H.4
- priority 11.3-5, 45.3
Letters, foreign to classical Latin 60.4, 60B.N.1, 60C.4
- initial 20.1, 21.2, 60.3, 60F
- used interchangeably 60.5
Lichen-forming fungi 13.1(d)
Ligatures 60.4+6
Limitation of priority, see under Priority
Linnaean binary system 20.2
- symbols 23.3
Lyophilization 8.4

M

Mail vote Div.III.4
Male symbol H.2A.1
Manuscript 29, 30.2
- names 23A.3(i)
- notes 9A.3
Mechanical methods of typification 9A.2, 10.5(b)
Microfilm 29
“mihi”, as author citation 46D
Misapplied name 7.4, 33.N.2, 48.N.1, 50D, 57
Misplaced term 33.9, App. VII
Modification of Code Pre. 6, Div.III
- Appendix II-IV 14.12-14, 14A
- Appendix V 56
- Appendix VI 32.9, 32F
Monotypic genus 42.1-2, App. VII
Morph, see Fungi, pleomorphic
Morphogenus 11.Ex.30
Morphology, technical term 20.2
Morphotaxon 1.2-3+N.1, 7.9, 11.1+7, App. VII
- definition 1.2
- authorization of name 1.3
Multiplication sign H.1-2, H.3.1+4, H.3A
Musci, starting point 13.1(b)

N

Name (see also Adjective, Author, Nomenclature, Personal name, Noun) 6.3, 12, App. VII
- alternative 34.2+N.1, App. VII
- - of family 10.6, 11.1, 18.5-6, App. VII
- - of subfamily 10.6, 11.1, 19.7
- avowed substitute 7.3, 33.4+8
- based on generic name 7.1, 10.7, 16.1(a), 18.1+3, 19.5
- class or subclass 16, 16A.3
- compound 60G
- confused 57
- confusingly similar 53.3-5, 61.5, App. VII
- conserved, see Conservation
- contrary to rules Pre. 4, Pre. 9
- correct Prin. IV, 6.6, 7.2, 10.N.2, 11.1+3-4, 14.5-6, 15.3-4, 19.Ex.4, 22.Ex.5, 26.Ex.6-7, 52.Ex.4+Ex.14-15, 53.Ex.21, 59.1, H.4, H.6.Ex.4, App. VII
- current usage 57
- derived, from Greek 60A
- - from person’s name 60B
- etymology 60H
- euphony Pre. 1
- first syllable 60.3
- illegitimate, see Illegitimate
- initial letter 20.1, 21.2, 60.3
- in thesis 30.5+N.2+Ex.6-11
- misapplied 7.4, 33.N.2, 48.N.1, 50D, 57
- not to be adopted 32C.1
- not validly published 32.9+Ex.1-4+Ex.6-7, 32C.1, 33.1+6, 34.1-2, 35.1, 43, App. VI
- of division or phylum 16.N.1, 16A.1
- of family 10.6, 18, 19A.1
- of form-taxon 1.3, 11.1, 59.3+5
- of genus 10.1-5, 20, 20A, 21B.4
- of hybrid, see Hybrid
- of infraspecific taxon 8.1, 9.1+13, 24, 24A-B, 25-26, 26A, 27
- of order or suborder 17, 17A, 18.2, 19.2
- of species 23
- of subdivision, of family 10.6, 19, 19A
- - of genus 10.1-2+5, 21, 21A-B, 22, 22A
- - of subphylum 16.2, 16A.2
- of subfamily, termed suborder 19.2+N.1
- of suprafamilial taxon 10.7, 11.10, 16.1+N.2, 16B
- of taxon of lower rank than variety 26A.3
- orthography, errors 45.2, 50F, 60.1+3+8-12, 61.1+N.1
- - variants 61
- rank, see Rank
- reasons for change Pre. 9
- regularity Pre. 1
- rejected, see Rejection
- replacement 7.3
- spelling 13.4, 14.11, 45.2, 50F, 60, 60A-H, 61
- stability Pre. 1, 14.1-2, 56.1
- superfluous 52.1+3
- type, see Type
- useless creation Pre. 1
- with question mark 34.1, 52.N.1
- words, not generic names 20.2+20.4
Natural order (ordo naturalis) 18.2
“nec”, in homonym citation 50C
Neotype 9.6+11+14, App. VII
- designation 9.9+9.15, 9B
- - effective, requirements 7.10-11+N.2, 9.20-21
- - first to be followed 9.17
- identification ambiguous 9.7
- illustration 8.1, 8A.1, 9.6+13
- inclusion, in named taxon 26.2, 52.2(b)+N.1-2
- location to be specified 9.20
- precedence of lectotype 9.11
- preserving usage 9.14
- previously designated 9.7, 26.2, 52.2(b)
- supersedable 9.16-17
- supporting epitype 9.7
- term 'neotype' to be indicated 9.21
New combination 11.N.3, 33.1-5+33.7-8, 33A, , App. VII
- authorship 46.2+4
- basionym citation 33.2-5, 33A
- misapplication 7.4+48.N.1
- type 7.4
- valid publication 33.1-5, 59.6+Ex.7-8
New generic name with basionym 33.8
Newspaper, non-scientific 30.3
Nixus, instead of order 17.2
“nobis”, as author citation 46D
Nomen conservandum (see also Conservation) 14, 14A, 50E.1, App. II, App. III, IV, VII
Nomen novum 7.3, 45A, 58, App. VII
- authorship 46.2+4
- by error 33.Ex.18-19, 59.6
- replacing illegitimate name 58
- type 7.3
- valid publication 33.2+4-5+7-8+N.2, 33A
Nomen nudum 50B, App. VII
Nomen rejiciendum (see also Rejected name) App. VII
Nomen specificum legitimum 23.6
Nomen triviale 23.7
Nomen utique rejiciendum 56, App. V, VII
Nomenclatural novelties 30A, App. VII
Nomenclatural synonym 14.4, App. III-IV, VII
Nomenclatural type, see Type
Nomenclature, botanical Pre. 1-2+4
- - independence Prin. I
- - principles Prin. I-VI
- contrary to rules Pre. 4+9
- disadvantageous change 14.1, 56.1
- stability 14.2
- Committees 14.12, 14A, 32.9, 32F.1, 53.5, 56.2, Div.III.2
- Section Div.III.1+2(1)+3(1)+4(b)
- - voting Div.III.4(b)
“non”, in homonym citation 50C
Non-algal or -fungal taxon, originally assigned to non-plant group 45.4
Non-fossil, see Fossil
Non-vascular plant, figure 42.3, 44.2
- type of name 8.1
Nostocaceae, starting point 13.1(e)
“notho-”, etymology H.1 fn.
- prefix 3.2, H.1, H.3.1+3
Nothogenus 3.2, App. VII
- name, see Condensed formula
- rank 3.2, H.1, H.4-5, H.12
Nothomorph H.12.2 +fn., App. VII
Nothospecies 3.2, App. VII
- epithet H.3.3
- from different genera H.11.1
- name H.11.1
- rank 3.2, 40, 50, H.4-5
Nothotaxon (see also Hybrid) H.3.1, App. VII
- circumscription H.4
- name (see also Condensed formula) Pre. 7, 28.N.1, 40, H.1-12
- - author citation 50
- - correct H.4-5, H.8, H.11-12
- - legitimate 52.N.3
- - validly published 32.1(d), 37.1, 40, H.9, H.10.1(a)+3, H.12.2
- parental taxa 52.N.3, H.2, H.2A, H.3.2, H.4-5, H.5A, H.6.2+4, H.8-9, H.10.3+N.1, H.10A, H.11, H.12.1+N.1
- rank (see also Nothospecies, Nothogenus, Nothomorph) 3.2, 4.4, 40, 50, H.1, H.3.1, H.4-5, H.12
- - appropriate H.5.1-2
- - inappropriate H.5.N.1
- - infraspecific 4.4, H.3.1, H.4.N.1, H.10, H.10A-B, H.11.2, H.12
- - subdivision of genus H.7, H.9
- variation H.4.N.1, H.12
Noun (see also Gender), in apposition 23.5
- as epithet 21.2, 21B.2-3, 23.1+6(a), 60.N.4, 60G.1
- - genitive 23A.1-2, 60C.1(a-b)
- - genitive plural 21.2
- - section 21B.2-3
- - subgenus 21B.2-3
- descriptive 23.1, 23.6(a)
- compound 60G.1(a-b)
- as name 20.1
- - plural adjective 18.1, 19.1

O

Objective synonym 14.4 fn., App. VII
Oedogoniaceae, starting point 13.1(e)
Online publication 29, 29A
Opus utique oppressum 32.9, App. VI-VII
Order (ordo), abbreviation 5A
- name 17, 17A
- rank 3.1
- - intended as family 18.2+N.1
- - termed otherwise 17.2
- relative, of ranks 5, 33.9
Organism(s), associated 60.12
- treated as plants Pre. 7
Original material 9.N.2, App. VII
- identification ambiguous 9.7
- not extant 9.11
- rediscovered 9.17(a)
Original spelling 60.1-2, 61.1, App. VII
- indication of 50F
- correction 45.2, 60.1
- retention 60.1, 60B.N.1, 61.1
- standardization 60.5-6+8-12
- variant 61.3
Orthographical variant 61, App. VII
- citation 50F, 61.N.1
- confusingly similar 61.5, App. VII
- correction 61.4
- in original publication 61.3
- not validly published 61.1
Orthography 60-61
- conservation 14.11
- correction 23.7, 45.2, 60.1+3+5+8-12, 60G.1(b)
- epithets 60.8-12, 60A-H
- error 60.1+8-12, 60G.1(b)
- Linnaean, generic names 13.4
- - phrase-like epithets 23.7
- standardization 60.5-6+8-12
- variant, see Orthographical variant

P

Page reference 33.4+N.1, App. VII
Pagination 33.N.1, 45C
Parasite 4.N.4
- host name 32E
Paratype 9.5+N.3, App. VII
Parentage, see Nothotaxon, parental taxa
Parentheses 21A, 49, 50
Particles, in personal names 46A.1, 60C.5
Patronymic prefix 60C.5(a-b)
Periodical, date 45C
- popular 30A.1
- separates 31.2, 45C
- taxonomic 30A.2
Personal name (see also Author), anagram 60B.N.2
- diacritical signs 60B.N.1
- Greek or Latin 60C.2
- in epithets 23A.1-2, 60C
- in generic name 20A.1(i), 60B
- in nothogeneric name H.6.3-4, H.6A
- intentional latinization 60.7
- romanization 46B
- well-established latinized form 60C.2
Phrase name 23.6-7
Phylum, see Division
Plants (see also Cultivated and Fossil) Pre. 7
- belonging to taxa 2
- not originally so treated 45.4
Pleomorphic fungi, see Fungi, pleomorphic
Pleonasm 23A.3(e)
Polyploid H.3.Ex.3
Popular periodicals 30A.1
Position Prin. IV, 6.6, 11.1, App. VII
- anticipation 34.1(b)
Prefix (see also Word elements) 46A.2
- Eu- 21.3
- in personal name 60B.N.2, 60C.5
- notho- (n-) 3.2, 5A.1, H.1, H.3.1+3
- sub- 4.2+N.1, 5A.1
Preparation 8.2, 9.12
Preservation (see also Deposited material) 7A, 8.3, 37.5
- impossible 37.5
President, International Association for Plant Taxonomy Div.III.2(1)
- Nomenclature Section Div.III.3(1)
Pre-starting-point, author 46.6
- publication 32A
Previous editions of the Code Pre. 11
Principles Pre. 2, Prin. I-VI
Printed matter (see also Publication), accompanying exsiccata 30.4+N.1
- delivery to carrier 31A
- ephemeral 30A.1
Priority 11, 13
- disadvantageous changes by strict application 14.1
- equal 11.5, 53.6
- of autonyms 11.6
- of choice 11.5+N.1, 53.6, 61.3, 62.3
- of conserved spelling 14.11
- of designation of type 7.10-11, 9.17, 10.5
- of homonyms 45.3, 53.6
- of names 11, 16B
- - anamorphs 59.4
- - fossil vs. non-fossil 11.7
- - higher taxa 11.10, 16.N.2, 16B
- - holomorphs 59.4
- - hybrids 11.9
- - legitimate 45.3
- - limitation 11.2-4+6-7, 13, 14, 15, 59.4
- - - to rank 11.2
- - unaffected by, date of conservation 14.N.3
- - - date of sanctioning 15.N.1
- - unranked taxa 35.3
- principle Prin. III
Prokaryotes Pre. 7 fn.
Pronunciation, difficult in Latin 20A.1(c)
Proposal, to amend Code Div.III.1, Div.III.4
- to conserve name 14.12+14, 14A
- to reject name 14.14, 14A, 56
- to suppress work 32.9-10
Protologue 8A.4 fn., App. VII
- bibliographic reference 46.1
- conflict with 9.17(b), 9A.3, 10.5(a)
- generic 10.2+4
- guide in lectotypification 9A.2
- page reference 33.N.1
Provisional name 23.Ex.12, 34.1+Ex.5, App. VII
Pseudocompound 60G.1(b), App. VII
Pteridophyta, starting point 13.1(a)
Public meeting 29
Publication (see also Simultaneous) Chapter IV
- abstracting journals 30A.1
- date 31, 31A, 45
- effective, see Effective publication
- ephemeral printed matter 30A.1
- external evidence 46.N.3
- index 30A.3
- in parts 35.5, 45B
- indelible autograph 30.1-2, App. VII
- independently of exsiccata 30.N.1
- internal evidence 30.5+N.2, 35.5, 46.7
- - absence 46.N.3
- non-scientific newspaper 30.3
- online 29, 29A
- popular periodical 30A.1
- printed herbarium labels 30.4+N.1+Ex.5
- seed-exchange list 30.3
- separates 31.2, 45C
- taxonomic 46.1
- trade catalogue 30.3
- valid, see Valid publication
Publications:
Acharius, Lichenogr. Universalis (1810) 58.Ex.3
- Methodus, Suppl. (1803) 46.Ex.10
- Syn. Meth. Lich. (1814) 58.Ex.3
Agardh, C., Syst. Alg. (1824) 46.Ex.34
Agerer-Kirchhoff & Podlech, in Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. München 12: 375 (1976) 60.Ex.30
Agosti, Re Bot. Tract. (1770) App. VI
Aiton, W., Hort. Kew. (1789) 46.Ex.35
Aiton, W. T., Hort. Kew., ed. 2 (1810-1813) 46.Ex.29
Al-Subhi & al., in Mycological Research 110(2): 237-245 (2006) 31.Ex.4
Andersson, Salices Bor.-Amer. (1858) 11.Ex.26
Aublet, Hist. Pl. Guiane (1775) 23.Ex.9
Baillon, in Adansonia 3: 162 (1863) 11.Ex.21
- in Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Paris 2: 945 (1891) 34.Ex.1
Baker, Fl. Mauritius (1877) 33.Ex.20
- in Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 5: 189 (1891) (this is the original place of publication for "Summary New Ferns (1892)") 6.Ex.1, 33.Ex.19
Barnéoud, Monogr. Plantag. (1845) 22.Ex.7
Bauhin, Pinax (1623) 7.Ex.8
Bentham, Labiat. Gen. Spec. (1833) 32.Ex.8
- & Hooker, Gen. Pl. 1-3. (1862-1883) 33.Ex.2+Ex.27
Berchtold & Opiz, Oekon.-Techn. Fl. Böhm. 1 (1836) 32.Ex.7
Berchtold & Presl, Přir. Rostlin (1820) Preface, 18.*Ex.4, 41.Ex.2,
Bergmans, Vaste Pl. Rotsheesters, ed. 2 (1939) 40.Ex.1
Boalch and Guy-Ohlson, in Taxon 41: 529-531 (1992) 11.Ex.32
Boesewinkel, in Can. J. Bot. 60: 2288-2294 (1982) 33.Ex.12
Boissier, Fl. Orient. Suppl. (1888) 24.Ex.7
Bonaparte, Notes Ptérid. 1 (1915) 26A.Ex.2
Borbás, in Math. Term. Közlem. 16: 376, 383 (1880) 24.Ex.7
Bornet & Flahault, Rév. Nostoc. Hét. (1886-1888) 13.1(e)
Borssum Waalkes, in Blumea 14: 198 (1966) 9.Ex.6
Brandenburg, Clematis; yellow flowering Clematis species - Systematic studies in Clematis L. (Ranunculaceae), inclusive of cultonomic aspects (2000) 30.Ex.6
Brenan, in Index Kew., Suppl. 16 (1981) 60.Ex.26
Britton & Brown, Ill. Fl. N. U.S., ed. 2 (1913) 10.Ex.7
Brongniart, in Ann. Sci. Nat. (Paris) 10: 373 (1827) 50C.Ex.3
Brown, R., Prodr. [Fl. Nov. Holland.] (1810) 11.Ex.1, 33.Ex.24
Browne, P., Civ. Nat. Hist. Jamaica (1756) 42.Ex.4
Brummitt & Gillett, in Kirkia 5: 265 (1966) 46.Ex.8
Brummitt & Powell, Auth. Pl. Names (1992) 46A.N.1
Buc’hoz, Dict. Univ. Pl. France (1770-1771) App. VI
- Tournefortius Lothar. (1764) App. VI
- Traité Hist. Pl. Lorraine (1762-1770) App. VI
Bulliard, Herb. France (1790) 50E.Ex.6
Bullock & Killick, in Taxon 6: 239 (1957) 14.Ex.8
Burdet & Miège, in Candollea 23: 116 (1968) H.9.Ex.1
Burman, N. L., Fl. Ind. (1768) 23.Ex.16
Cachon & Cachon-Enj., in Protistologia 5: 16 (1969) 45.Ex.4
Camus, in Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. 33: 538 (1927) 11.Ex.39
Candolle, Prodr. 1 (1824) 24.Ex.7
- Prodr. 2 (1825) 49.Ex.2
Candolle, A., Prodr. 8 (1844) 26.Ex.6
- & C. Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 4 (1883) 45.Ex.3
- & C. Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 6 (1889) 46.Ex.21, 52.Ex.14, 53.Ex.13, 60.Ex.5
Carrière, in Rev. Hort. 1880: 314 (1880) 60.Ex.25
Caum & Hosaka, in Occas. Pap. Bernice Pauahi Bishop Mus. 11(23): 3 (1936) 36.Ex.2
Chardón, in Mycologia 32: 190 (1940) 60.Ex.32
Chen, S. L., in Bull. Nanjing Bot. Gard. 1988-1989: 3 (1990) 37.Ex.4
Cheng, in Acta Phytotax. Sin. 13(4): 89 (1975) 37.Ex.1
Christ, H. in Boissier, Fl. Orient. Suppl.: 222 (1888) 24.Ex.7
Christensen, Index Filic. (1905) 6.Ex.1, 33.Ex.19
Ciferri, in Mycopathol. Mycol. Appl. 7: 86-89 (1954) 33.Ex.16
Clements, Gen. Fungi (1909) 32.Ex.5
Coulter, in Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 3: 95 (1894) 22.Ex.3
Crantz, Cl. Crucif. Emend. (1769) 11.Ex.18
Croizat, in Revista Sudamer. Bot. 6: 13 (1939) 22.Ex.6
Cronquist, in Brittonia 6: 173 (1947) 9.Ex.8
Cugnac, in Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Ardennes 33 (1938) 11.Ex.39
Cummins, The rust fungi of cereals, grasses and bamboos (1971) 59.Ex.4
Cusson, in Hist. Soc. Roy. Méd. 5(1): 279 (1787) 29.Ex.1
Cuvier, Dict. Sci. Nat. 34 (1825) 10.Ex.1
Dandy, in Watsonia 4: 47 (1957) 52.Ex.6
Dangeard, P. A., in Botaniste 2: 213 (1891) 52.Ex.7
Danser, in Recueil Trav. Bot. Néerl. 18: 125-210 (1921) 33.Ex.26
De Toni, in Notarisia 5: 915 (1890) 18.Ex.6
De Wildeman, Miss. Em. Laurent (1905) 50D.Ex.1
- Pl. Bequaert. 1 (1922) 50D.Ex.1
- & Durand, in Ann. Mus. Congo Belge, Bot., ser. 2, 1: 54 (1899) 50D.Ex.1
Degener, Fl. Hawaiiensis, fam. 119 (1936) 36.Ex.2
Delanoë, P. & Delanoë, in Comp. Rend. Acad. Hebd. Séances Acad. Sci. 155: 660 (1912) 45.Ex.8
Delgado-Salinas & Lavin, in Taxon 53: 839-841 (2004) 57.Ex.1
Demoulin, Especes nouvelles ou méconnues du genre Lycoperdon (Gastéromycetes), in Lejeunia, n.s., 62: 1-28 (1972) 30.Ex.9
- Le genre Lycoperdon en Europe et en Amérique du Nord (1994) 30.Ex.9
Desvaux, in J. Bot. Agric. 1: 120 (1813) 62.Ex.8
Diatom Research vol. 2, no. 2 (1988) 31.Ex.3
Dodonaeus, Stirp. Hist. Pempt. (1583) 7.Ex.8
Don, D., Prodr. Fl. Nepal. (1825) 33.Ex.5
Don, G., Gen. Hist. 4 (1837) 58.Ex.6
- see also Sweet
Donati, Ausz. Natur-Gesch. Adriat. Meer. (1753) App. VI
Donk, in Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, ser. 3, 18(1): 157 (1949) 11.Ex.19
Dorn, in Canad. J. Bot. 54: 2777 (1976) 49.Ex.7
Druce, List Brit. Pl. (1908) 40.Ex.3
Ducke, in Arch. Jard. Bot. Rio de Janeiro 3: 23-29 (1922) 34.Ex.11
Dumortier, Anal. Fam. Pl. (1829) 35.Ex.1
- Fl. Belg. (1827) 49.Ex.3
Dumpling & His Wife: New Views Gen. Conophytum: 181 (2002) 33.Ex.13
Durand, Pl. Kaneanae Groenl. (1856) 11.Ex.15
- & Durand, Syll. Fl. Congol. (1909) 50D.Ex.1
Dvorák & Dadáková, in Biológia (Bratislava) 32: 755 (1977) 32.Ex.4
Ehrhart, J. B., Oecon. Pflanzenhist. (1753-1762) App. VI
Ehrhart, J. F., “Index phytophylacii ehrhartiani” (1789) App. VI
- Phytophylacium Ehrhart. (1780-1785) App. VI
Emberger, in Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Maroc 15: 199 (1936) 36.Ex.3
- in Willdenowia 15: 62-63 (1985) 36.Ex.3
Endlicher, Enchir. Bot. (1841) 46.Ex.22
Engler, in Candolle & Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 4: 225 (1883) 45.Ex.3, 60.*Ex.5
- Pflanzenw. Ost-Afrikas C (1895) 60.Ex.1
- & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam., ed. 2, 17b (1936) 36.Ex.1
Epling, in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 8: 63 (1934) 26A.Ex.1
Fernald, in Rhodora 45: 474 (1943) 26A.Ex.1
- in Rhodora 48: 46 (1946) 11.Ex.26
Feuillée, Beschr. Arzen. Pfl. (1756-1757; ed. 2, 1766) App. VI
Fink, in Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 14(1): 2 (1910) 10.Ex.6
Flörke, in Mag. Neusten Entdeck. Gesammten Naturk. Ges. Naturf. Freunde Berlin 3: 125 (1809) 34.Ex.3
Forsskål, Fl. Aegypt.-Arab. (1775) 23.Ex.10+Ex.12+Ex.15, 43.Ex.1, 46.Ex.22
Fournier P., Quatre Fl. France, ed. 1 (1938) 11.Ex.15
Fraser Brothers Nursery, see Nuttall
Frenkel, in Natl. Cancer Inst. Monogr. 43: 16 (1976) 45.Ex.9
- in J. Eukaryot. Microbiol. 46 Suppl.: 91S (1999) 45.Ex.9
Fries, E. M., Elench. Fung. (1828) 13.1(d), 15.Ex.4
- Syst. Mycol. (1821-1832) 13.1(d), 15.Ex.1+Ex.4, 33.12+Ex.21+Ex.28, 50E.Ex.6
- Summ. Veg. Scand. (1849) 51.Ex.6
Fries, T. M., Lich. Arct. (1860) 31.Ex.2
- in Nova Acta Reg. Soc. Sci. Upsal. ser. 3, 3: 103-398 (1861) 31.Ex.2
Friis, E. M., in Amer. J. Bot. 88: 467 (2001) 3.Ex.2
Fuckel, Fungi Rhenani Exsicc. (1863-1874) 30.Ex.4
- in Jahrb. Nassauischen Vereins Naturk. 23-24 (1870) 30.Ex.4
Funk, The systematics of Montanoa (Asteraceae, Heliantheae), in Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 36: 116 (1982) 30.Ex.11
Galbreath & al., in Int. J. Parasitol. 34: 241-242 (2004) 45.Ex.10
Gandoger, Fl. Eur. (1883-1891) App. VI
Garsault, Descr. Vertus Pl. (1764-1767) App. VI
- Expl. Abr. Pl. (1765) App. VI
- Fig. Pl. Méd. (1764) App. VI
Gaudichaud, Voy. Uranie, Bot. (1826) 32.Ex.1
Gay, Fl. Chil. 1 (1846) 46.Ex.6
Geerinck & al., in Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique 105: 336 (1972) 46C.Ex.2
Gibbs, in Lagascalia 1: 60-61 (1971) 7.Ex.8
Gilibert, Exerc. Bot. (1782) App. VI
- Exerc. Phyt. (1792) App. VI
- Fl. Lit. Inch. (1782) App. VI
- Syst. Pl. Eur. (1785-1787) App. VI
Gingins, in A. P. de Candolle, Prodr. 1: 304 (1824) 24.Ex.7
Gleba & Fr. Hoffmann, in Naturwissenschaften 66: 548 (1979) H.9.Ex.3
Gleditsch, Obs. Pneumonanthe (1753) App. VI
Goldberg & C. Nelson, in Syst. Bot. 14: 16 (1989) 3.Ex.1
Gomont, Monogr. Oscill. (1892) 13.1(e), 46.Ex.34
Gouan, Fl. Monsp. (1765) 53.Ex.14
Gray, A., in Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 23: 225 (1888) 50F.Ex.2
Green, in Sprague & al., Prop. Brit. Bot.: 162 (1929) 10.*Ex.7
- in Sprague & al., Prop. Brit. Bot.: 182 (1929) 10.Ex.1
Greguss, in Földt. Közl. 82: 171 (1952) 34.Ex.5
Grenier & Godron, Fl. France 1 (1847) 11.Ex.14
Greuter, in Boissiera 22: 158-159 (1973) H.7.Ex.1
Griggs, in Proc. Ohio Acad. Sci. 4: 301 (1905) 11.Ex.26
Grisebach, Spic. Fl. Rumel. 2 (1846) 19.Ex.7
Grosser, in Engler, Pflanzenr. 14: 115 (1903) 11.Ex.14
Grout, Moss Fl. N. Amer. 3 (1928) 19.Ex.6
Grummann, Cat. Lich. Germ. (1963) 33.Ex.16
Guettard, Ve Mém. Glandes Pl. (1715) App. VI
Guillaumin, in Mém. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat., B, Bot. 8: 260 (1962) 37.Ex.3
Hackel, in Candolle & Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 6: 177 (1889) 52.Ex.14
- in Candolle & Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 6: 502 (1889) 53.Ex.13
- in Candolle & Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 6: 507 (1889) 46.Ex.21
Hagler & al., in Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 39: 98 (1989) 8.Ex.6
Hall & Hindle, in Taxon 44: 410 (1995) 9.Ex.4
Haller, Enum. Pl. Gotting. (1753) App. VI
Hansford & Deighton, in Mycol. Pap. 23: 26 (1948) 60.Ex.32
Harley, in Kew Bull. 37: 604 (1983) H.11.Ex.3
Harms, in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 19: 291 (1924) 6.Ex.5
‘t Hart, Ot Sist. Bot. Dergisi 2(2) (1995) 37.Ex.5
Hartman, Sv. Norsk Exc.-Fl. (1846) 53.Ex.14
Havaas, in Bergens Mus. Arbok. 12: 13, 20 (1954) 34.Ex.6
Haworth, Rev. Pl. Succ. (1821) 34.Ex.4
Hedwig, Sp. Musc. Frond. (1801) 13.1(b)
Heer, Fl. Tert. Helv. 3 (1859) 11.Ex.35
Hegewald, E. H., in Arch. Hydrobiol. Suppl. 60: 393 (1982) 53.Ex.15
Heister, Descr. Nov. Gen. (1753) App. VI
Herendeen & al., in Int. J. Pl. Sci. 56: 94 (1995) 1.Ex.2
Hermann, in U.S. Forest Serv., Techn. Rep. RM-18: 14 (1975) 33.Ex.18
Heyn, in Bull. Res. Council Israel, Sect. D, Bot., 7: 163 (1959) 26.Ex.4
Hieronymus, in Hedwigia 51: 241-272 (1911) 31.Ex.5
Hill, J., Brit. Herb. (1756-1757) App. VI
- [entries in] New Dict. Arts Sci. (1753-1754) App. VI
- [entries in] Suppl. Chambers’s Cyclopaedia (1753) App. VI
- Useful Fam. Herb. (1754, etc.) App. VI
Hill, S. R., in Brittonia 32: 474 (1980) 34.Ex.13
Hillebrand, Fl. Haw. Is. (1888) 33.Ex.17
Hirn, Monogr. Oedogon. (1900) 13.1(e)
Hitchcock, in Univ. Wash. Publ. Biol. 17(1): 507-508 (1969) 34.Ex.14
- & Green, in Sprague & al., Prop. Brit. Bot.: 110-199 (1929) 7.Ex.10
Hochreutiner, in Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 4: 170 (1900) 58.Ex.2
Hoffmann, Hist. Salic. Ill. (1787) 52.Ex.3
Holmboe, in Bergens Mus. Skr., ser. 2, 1(2): 157 (1914) 24.Ex.5
Holub, in Preslia 45: 359 (1973) 11.Ex.15
- in Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8: 173 (1973) 49.Ex.3
Honda, in Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 41: 385 (1927) 27.Ex.1, 55.Ex.2
Hooker, W. J., Brit. Fl., ed. 4, 2(1) (1833) 46.Ex.14
- & Arnott, Bot. Beechey Voy. 2 (1832) 33.Ex.17
Honckeny, Verz. Gew. Teutschl. (1782) 23.Ex.14, 46.Ex.38
Hortobágyi, in Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 26: 318 (1981) 53.Ex.15
House, in Muhlenbergia 4: 50 (1908) 35.Ex.3
Humphries, in Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.) Bot. 7: 109 (1979) 10.Ex.1
Huth, in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 20: 365, 368 (1895) 33.Ex.24
Hylander, in Uppsala Univ. Arsskr. 1945(7): 276 (1945) 11.Ex.15
Iinuma, Sintei Somoku Dzusetsu [Illustrated Flora of Japan], ed. 2 (1874) 32.Ex.6
Jafri & El-Gadi, Fl. Libya 58 (1979) 26.Ex.3
Jalas, in Veröff. Geobot. Inst. ETH Stiftung Rübel Zürich 43: 190 (1970) 11.Ex.15
Jessen, Deutschl. Gräser (1863) 52.Ex.15
Jurtzev, in Byull. Moskovsk. Obshch. Isp. Prir., Otd. Biol. 70(1): 132 (1965) 60.Ex.20
Jussieu, Gen. Pl. (1789) Preface, 13.1(a)+1(c), App. IIB
- in Ann. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. 11: 233 (1808) 46.Ex.13
- in Mém. Mus. Hist. Nat. 12: 497 (1827) 35.Ex.1
Kartesz & Meacham, Synth. N. Amer. Fl., Nomencl. Innov. (1999) 30A.Ex.1
Keng, Fl. Ill. Pl. Prim. Sin. Gramineae (1959) 33.Ex.23
Kirschleger, Fl. Alsace 2 (1853 - 1857) 16.Ex.5
Kjeldsen & H. K. Phinney, in Madroño 22: 90 (27 Apr 1973) 33.Ex.11
- in Madroño 22: 154 (2 Jul 1973) 33.Ex.11
Klotz, in Wiss. Z. Martin-Luther-Univ. Halle-Wittenberg Math.-Naturwiss. Reihe 9: 375-376 (1960) 7.Ex.8
Knuth, in Engler, Pflanzenr. 22: 234 (1905) 22.Ex.2
Koehne, in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 1: 327 (1881) 11.Ex.3
Kofoid & Swezy, in Mem. Univ. Calif. 5: 111 (1921) 45.Ex.7
Kostermans, in Blumea 33: 346 (1988) 50E.Ex.5
Koyama, in Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 69: 64 (1956) 33.Ex.20
Krocker, Fl. Siles. (1787) 23.Ex.10
Kükenthal, in Engler, Pflanzenr. 38: 81 (1909) 35.Ex.4
Kummer, Führer Pilzk. (1871) 32.Ex.11, 33.Ex.7
Kunth, Enum. Pl. 4 (1843) 34.Ex.7
Kuo, Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 9(3) (1987) 33.Ex.15
Kützing, Sp. Alg. (1849) 24.Ex.6
Kylin, Gatt. Rhodophyc. (1956) 36.Ex.4
Labillardière, Nov. Holl. Pl. 1 (1805) 52.Ex.12
Lawrence, in Gentes Herb. 8: 64 (1949) 40.Ex.1
Ledebour, Fl. Ross. 2 (1843) 11.Ex.3
Leenhouts, in Blumea 9: 406 (1959) 6.Ex.2
Léveillé, H., in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 189 (1913) 50F.Ex.1
- Fl. Kouy-Tchéou (1914-1915) 30.Ex.3
Levin, in Evolution 21: 92-108 (1967) H.3.Ex.3
Limpricht, Laubm. Deutschl. 1 (1885) 21.Ex.2
Lindberg, in Öfvers. Förh. Kongl. Svenska Vetensk.-Akad. 19: 135 (1862) 21.Ex.2
Lindley, Intr. Nat. Syst. Bot., ed. 2 (1836) 19.Ex.1
- Veg. Kingd. (1846) 18.Ex.7
Link, Handbuch (1829-1833) Preface, 35.Ex.6
Linnaeus, Amoen. Acad., 4 (1759) 45.Ex.1
- Fl. Angl. (1754) 7.Ex.8
- Fl. Monsp. (1756) 45.Ex.1
- Gen. Pl., ed. 5 (1754) 13.4, 22.Ex.3, 23.Ex.19
- Herb. Amboin. (1754) 34.Ex.2
- Mant. Pl. (1771) 45.Ex.3, 50E.Ex.1
- Sp. Pl. (1753) 13.1(a)+1(c)-(e)+4-5, 23.Ex.15-Ex.19, 24.Ex.4, 26.Ex.2-4, 33.Ex.1, 41.N.1, 53.Ex.19+Ex.21
- Sp. Pl., ed. 2 (1762-1763) 13.4, 41.N.1
- Syst. Nat. ed. 10 (1759) 23.Ex.18
Liu, T. S. & T. Y. Yang, in Annual Taiwan Prov. Mus. 12: 12 (1969) 11.Ex.9
Loesener, in Bull. Herb. Boissier, ser. 2, 3(2): 93 (1903) 35.Ex.5
Ma & al., Flora Intramongolica, ed. 2, vol. 3 (1989) 46.Ex.31
Maire, Fl. Afrique N., 3 (1955) 26.Ex.2
Martinez Ortega, M. M. & al., in Taxon 53: 440 (2004) 11.Ex.24
Martinov, Tekhno-botanicheskii Slovar (1820) Preface
Masamune, in Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 51: 234 (1937) 33.Ex.5
- in J. Soc. Trop. Agric. 6: 570 (1934) 60.Ex.3
Mason & Grant, in Madroño 9: 212 (1948) 7.Ex.6
Maund, in Bot. Gard. 5: No. 385, t. 97 (1833) H.10.Ex.2
McPherson & Tirel, in Fl. Nouv.-Caléd. 14: 58 (1987) 37.Ex.3
McVaugh, in Rhodora 38: 308 (1936) 24.Ex.3
Melchior, in Mitt. Thüring. Bot. Vereins 50: 164-168 (1943) 11.Ex.6
Mérat, Nouv. Fl. Env. Paris, ed. 2, 1 (1821) 33.Ex.21
Merrick & Bates, in Baileya 23: 96, 101 (1989) 26.Ex.7
Miller, Gard. Dict., ed. 8 (1768) 32.Ex.10, 33.Ex.1+Ex.6
Müller, in Flora 63: 286 (1880) 43.Ex.2
Murbeck, Monogr. Celsia (1926) 53.Ex.16
- Monogr. Verbascum (1933) 53.Ex.16
Murray, Syst. Veg., ed. 14 (1784) 52.Ex.8
Murray, A. E., in Kalmia 13: 32 (1983) 33.Ex.22
Nakanishi, in J. Sci. Hiroshima Univ., Ser. B(2), 11: 75 (1966) 45.Ex.2
- in J. Sci. Hiroshima Univ., Ser. B(2), 11: 265 (1967) 45.Ex.2
Necker, Elem. Bot. (1790, 1791, 1808) App. VI
Nelson, A., in Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 27: 274 (1900) 23.Ex.11
- in Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 17: 92 (1904) 33.Ex.22
Néraud, J., in Gaudichaud, Voy. Uranie, Bot.: 25, 28 (1826) 32.Ex.1
Newcombe, G., in Mycol. Res. 104: 271 (2000) H.10.Ex.1
Nicolson, in Amer. J. Bot. 54: 496 (1967) 50F.Ex.3
Norlindh, Fl. Mong. Steppe. 1 (1949) 33.Ex.15
Nuttall, Cat. Pl. Upper Louisiana (1813) 46.Ex.37
Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur. (1879) 11.Ex.25
Ochoa, in Phytologia 65: 112 (1988) 60.Ex.23
Olney, Car. Bor.-Am. 2 (1871) 50B.Ex.1
Pangalo, in Trudy Prikl. Bot. 23: 258 (1930) 26.Ex.7
Pankow, in Arch. Protistenk. 132: 153 (1986) 53.Ex.15
Pax, in Jahresber. Schles. Ges. Vaterländ. Kultur 87: 20 (1909) 11.Ex.6
Peerally, in Mycotaxon 40: 337 (1991) 33.Ex.12
Pennell, in Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 85: 86 (1933) 11.Ex.24
Pennycook, in Mycotaxon 84: 163-219 (2002) 32.Ex.11
Persoon, Observ. Mycol. 1 (1796) 33.Ex.21
- Syn. Meth. Fung. (1801) 13.1(d), 51.Ex.6
Péterfi, L. S., in Stud. Cercet. Biol. (Bucharest), Ser. Biol. Veg. 15: 25 (1963) 53.Ex.15
Pierre, in Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Paris 2: 1296 (1897) 34.Ex.8
Piirainen, in Ann. Bot. Fenn. 28: 82 (1991) 26.Ex.3
Piper, in Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 28: 42 (1915) 46.Ex.21
Planchon, in Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 3, 1: 119 (1844) 34.Ex.10
- in Bot. Mag.: ad. t. 4894 (1856) 34.Ex.10
Plukenet, Phytographia (1691) 9.Ex.6
Podlech, in Taxon 46: 465 (1997) 9.Ex.5
- & Kirchhoff, in Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. München 11: 432 (1974) 60.Ex.30
Poljakov, in Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Komarova Akad. Nauk SSSR 15: 155 (1953) 34.Ex.12
Prain, Bengal Pl. (1903) 24.Ex.2
Presl & Presl, Delic. Prag. (1822) 41.Ex.2
Radcliffe-Smith, in Taxon 35: 349 (1986) H.5.Ex.2
Rafinesque, in J. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat. Arts 89: 98 (1819) 33.Ex.2
Rahn, in Nordic J. Bot. 4: 609 (1984) 22.Ex.7
Ralfs, Brit. Desmid. (1848) 13.1(e)
Raudonat & Rischer, in Echinocereenfreund 8(4): 91-92 (1995) 8.Ex.1
Ray, Syn. Meth. Stirp. Brit., ed. 3 (1724) 7.Ex.8
Reveal, in Phytologia 79: 72 (1996) 16.Ex.5
Rexer, Die Gattung Mycena s.l. (1994) 30.Ex.8
Reyger, Tent. Fl. Gedan. (1763) 23.Ex.14
Rheede, Hort. Malab. 4 (1683) 33.Ex.8
Richard, Nouv. Elém. Bot., ed. 3, Germ. Transl. (1840) 19.Ex.7
- Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1 (1847) 32.Ex.2
Rietema, Comparative investigations on the life-histories and reproduction of some species in the siphoneous green algal genera Bryopsis and Derbesia (1975) 30.Ex.7
Robson, in Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 5: 305, 336 (1977) 10.Ex.3
Roemer & Schultes, Syst. Veg. 5 (1819) 46.Ex.11
Rottbøll, Descr. Pl. Rar. Progr. (1772) 20.Ex.10, 43.Ex.4
Rousseau, in Mém. Jard. Bot. Montréal 29: 10-11 (1952) 11.Ex.39
Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 2 (1895) 53.Ex.20
Roxburgh, Fl. Ind., ed. 1832, 3 (1832) 11.Ex.22
Roze, in Bull. Soc. Bot. France 23: 49 (1876) 18.Ex.8
Rummelspacher, in Feddes Repert. 71: 29 (1965) 49.Ex.6
Rumphius, Herb. Amboin. 3 (1743) 7.Ex.7
- Herb. Amboin. 6 (1750) 9.Ex.6
- & Burman, Herb. Amboin. Auctuar. (1755) App. VI
Rydberg, in Bull. New York Bot. Gard. 1: 270 (1899) 50.Ex.2
Sadebeck, in Jahrb. Hamburg. Wiss. Anst. Beih. 14(3): 5 (1897) 26A.Ex.2
Salisbury, in Trans. Hort. Soc. London 1: 291 (1812) 34.Ex.9
Sampaio & Crespo, in Bol. Real Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 27: 142 (1927) 33.Ex.10
Santesson, in Symb. Bot. Upsal. 12(1): 428 (1952) 10.Ex.6
Sargent, Trees & Shrubs 2 (1907) 46.Ex.2
Schaeffer, Fung. Bavar. Palat. Nasc. (1763-1774) 23.Ex.13
Schidlay, in Futák, Fl. Slov. 2: 225 (1966) H.3.Ex.1
Schiede, Pl. Hybr. (1825) H.10.Ex.3
Schlotheim, Petrefactenkunde (1820) 13.1(f)
Schmidt, in Biblioth. Bot. 91: 50 (1923) 60.Ex.31
Schneider, C. K., Ill. Handb. Laubholzk. 1 (1904) 49.Ex.7
Schönenberger & E. M. Friis, in Amer. J. Bot. 88: 467 (2001) 3.Ex.2
Schulz, O. E., in Engler & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam., ed. 2, 17b: 543-544 (1936) 36.Ex.1
Secretan, Mycogr. Suisse (1833) App. VI
Séguier, Pl. Veron. (1745-1754) 41.Ex.3
Seymour, F., Fl. New England (1969) 33.Ex.14
Shan, R. H. & Yin Li, in Acta Phytotax. Sin. 12: 291 (1974) 46.Ex.19
She & Watson, in Wu & al., Fl. China 14: 72 (2005) 46.Ex.19
Siebold, in Verh. Bat. Genootsch. Kunsten 12: 18 (1830) 32.Ex.6
Simonkai, Enum. Fl. Transsilv.: 266 (1887) 11.Ex.25
Smith, in Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 70: 192 (1935) 9.Ex.7
Sprengel, Syst. Veg. 1 (1825) 50F.Ex.2
Spruce, in Trans. & Proc. Bot. Soc. Edinburgh 15: 75, 129 (1884) 33.Ex.9
Stafleu & Cowan, in Regnum Veg. 105: 785 (1981) 46.Ex.37
- in Regnum Veg. 116: 303 (1988) 31.Ex.1
Starr, in ING Card No. 16528 (1962) 7.Ex.9
Stearn, in Ray Soc. Publ. 148, Introd.: 65 (1973) 7.Ex.8
Steere & Iwatsuki, in Canad. J. Bot. 52: 701 (1974) 41.Ex.1
Stephani & Spruce, in Hedwigia 28: 167 (1889) 33.Ex.9
Sternberg, Vers. Fl. Vorwelt, 1 (1820) 13.1(f)
Steudel, Nomencl. Bot. (1821-1824) 33.Ex.1
- Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1 (1854) 32.Ex.9
Stickman, see Linnaeus, Herb. Amboin. (1754)
Strid, in Opera Bot. 28: 58, 60 (1970) 60.Ex.27
- & Tan, Fl. Hellen. 2 (2002) 37.Ex.5
Strother & Ferlatte, in Madroño 35: 85 (1988) 9.Ex.8
Sturt, Narr. Exped. C. Australia 2 (1849) 11.Ex.23
Swart, in ING Card No. 2143 (1957) 10.Ex.2
Swartz, Prodr. (1788) 52.Ex.8
Sweet, Hort. Brit., ed. 3 (1839) 32.Ex.3
- Hort. Suburb. Lond. (1818) 13.Ex.3
Thomas, in Amer. J. Sci. Arts 19: 170 (1831) 50C.Ex.2
Thorsrud & Reisaeter, Norske Plantenavn (1948) 40.Ex.2
Thunberg, Nov. Gen. Pl. (1783) 50C.Ex.2
Tieghem, van, in J. Bot. (Morot) 17: 204 (1903) 46.Ex.12
Torrey & A. Gray, Fl. N. Amer. 1 (1838) 19.Ex.1
Trelease, in Mem. Natl. Acad. Sci. 20: 14 (1924) H.10.Ex.5
Trew & al., Herb. Blackwell. (1747-1773) App. VI
Trimen, Handb. Fl. Ceylon 3 (1895) 60.Ex.1
Tryon, in Rhodora 43: 52-54 (1941) 26A.Ex.2
Tuckerman, Enum. Meth. Caric. (1843) 35.Ex.4
- in Amer. J. Sci. Arts 45: 47 (1843) 26.Ex.5
- in Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 12: 168 (1877) 33.Ex.4
Tuckey, Narr. Exped. Zaire (1818) 11.Ex.20
Tulasne & C. Tulasne, Sel. Fung. Carp. 2 (1863) 51.Ex.6
Vahl, Symb. Bot. 1 (1790) 46.Ex.22
Vainio, Étude Lich. Brésil 1 (1890) 33.Ex.3
Valkanov, in Progr. Protozool. 3: 373 (1969) 45.Ex.6
Verdcourt, in Taxon 46: 357-359 (1997) 57.Ex.1
Vest, Anleit. Stud. Bot. (1818) 52.Ex.16
Vězda, Lich. Select. Exsicc. (1967-) 30.Ex.5
Vines, A Student‘s Text-book of Botany (1895) Preface
Wahlenberg, in Acharius, Methodus, Suppl.: 17 (1803) 46.Ex.10
Wallich, Numer. List (1828-1849) 46.Ex.25
Walter, Fl. Carol. (1788) 20.Ex.9, 43.Ex.3
Walton, J., in Ann. Bot, n.s., 13: 450 (1949) 1.Ex.1
Warburg, in Ann. Mus. Congo Belge, Bot., ser. 4, 1: 32 (1904) 50D.Ex.1
Webb & Heldreich, Cat. Pl. Hisp. (1850) 30.Ex.1
Weigend, Nasa and the conquest of South America - Systematic Rearrangements in Loasaceae Juss. (1997) 30.Ex.10
Wendelbo, in Bot. Not. 112: 496 (1959) 11.Ex.6
Wherry, in Morris Arbor. Monogr. 3: 41 (1955) H.3.Ex.3
Willdenow, Sp. Pl. (1797-1803) 31.Ex.1, 33.Ex.14
Willis, Dict. Fl. Pl., ed. 7 (1966) 18.Ex.7
Willkomm & Lange, Prodromus Florae Hispanicae 2 (1865) 46.Ex.32
Wimmer, E., in Engler, Pflanzenr. 108: 855 (1968) 37.Ex.2
Winterl, Index Hort. Bot. Univ. Hung, (1788) 23.Ex.11
Wolley-Dod, in J. Bot. 69, Suppl.: 106 (1931) 60.Ex.29
Wu & al., Fl. China 14 (2005) 46.Ex.19
Wu & Li, Flora Yunnanica, vol. 3 (1983) 46.Ex.30
Yang, H. L., in Kuo, Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 9(3): 113 (1987) 33.Ex.15
Zahlbruckner, Cat. Lich. Univ. 5 (1928) 33.Ex.16
Zimm. W., in Feddes Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 61: 95 (1958) 49.Ex.6
Publishing author, see Author
Purpose of giving a name Pre. 1

Q

Question mark 34.1, 52.N.1
Quotation marks 50F

R

“Radix”, not a generic name 20.Ex.6
Rank Pre. 1, Prin. IV, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6.6-7, 11.1-6+8-10, App. VII
- alteration, author citation 49.1
- anticipation 34.1(b)
- appropriate, for hybrid H.5
- basic 2
- - prefix sub- 4.2+N.1
- further intercalated 4.3
- hierarchy 2, 3.1
- inappropriate, for hybrid H.5.N.1
- indication 21.1, 21A, 24.1, 35.2+5
- not indicated 35.1-3
- nothotaxon 3.2, 4.4, 50, H.1, H.3.1, H.5, H.12
- particular Prin. IV
- principal 3
- priority outside 11.2
- relative order 5, 33.9-12
- secondary 4.1+N.1
- simultaneous different 34.2
- single infraspecific 35.4
- term denoting 3.1, 4.1-2, 21.1, 24.1
- - misplaced 33.11, App. VII
Rapporteur-général Div.III.2(1+7)+3(3)
Recommendations, in the Code Pre. 3+5
Recorder, Nomenclature Section Div.III.3(2)
Reference, indirect 33.2
- page 33.4+N.1
- to basionym 33.3
- to previous description or diagnosis 32.1(d)+5-6, 32A, 36, 41
- - direct or indirect 32.5-6, 41
- - full and direct 32.5, 33.4, 45.1
- to previous illustration 38-39
Regnum, see Kingdom
Reihe, instead of order 17.2
Rejected name App. VII
- combination based on 14.4
Rejection, of name 56, App. V, VII
- - against conserved name 14.4+6-7+10
- - as illegitimate 45.3, 52, 53, 54, 58
- - authorized pending decision 14.14
- - disallowed 51
- - not affecting legitimacy 14.10
- - overriding sanctioning 15.6
- - proposal 14.14, 14A, 56
- of proposal 57
Relative order of ranks 3, 5, 33.9-12
Replaced synonym 33.2+4-5+7+N.2, 33A, 35.3, App. VII
Replacement name, see Nomen novum
Restoration, of rejected name 14.6-7
Retention of name authorized 14.14
Retroactivity of rules Prin. VI
Romanization of author names 46B.2
- of Greek 60A.2
Rules, absence or doubt Pre. 10
- in the Code Pre. 3-4
- retroactivity Prin. VI

S

Sanctioning 13.1(d), 15, App. VII
- colon used to indicate 50E.3
- competing names 15.3-4
- date not affecting priority 15.N.1
- homonym 15.1-2+N.1, 53.1-2, 55.3
- - earlier not illegitimate 15.2
- illegitimate name 6.4, 52.1
- indication by author citation 50E.3
- overridden by conservation or rejection 15.6
- typification of names 7.5+8
- works 13.1(d)
Scale of figure 32D.3
Scientific plant names in Latin Pre. 1, Prin. V
Secretary, International Association for Plant Taxonomy Div.III.2(1)
Section (sectio) (see also Subdivision of genus) 4.1, 21.1
- abbreviation 5A
- change in rank 21B.4
- epithet, from personal name 60B
- - preferably a noun 21B.2
- - same as for subgenus 22A
Seed-exchange list 30.3
Selection of type, see Designation and Lectotype
Separates 31.2, 45C
Series (see also Subdivision of genus) 4.1, 21.1
- epithet, a plural adjective 21B.2
Sex, of persons 60.N.4, 60C.1(a-b)
Sexual symbols H.2A.1
Signs, see Symbols
Simultaneous publication (see also Priority of choice) 11.5-6+Ex.19+Ex.22, 13.1(e)+5, 34.2+N.1, 53.6, 59.N.1, 61.3
Small herbaceous plants, type 8.2
Special form (forma specialis) 4.N.4
Species (see also Nothospecies) 3, 23, 23A
- abbreviation 5A
- anamorphic 59.3+N.1, 59A
- assignment to genus 3.N.1
- epithet (see also Epithet) 6.7, 23.1-2, 23A
- - adjectival 23.5, 60C.1, 60D
- - compound 60.8-9, 60G
- - correct spelling, see Orthography
- - etymology 60H
- - formation 23.1-3+5, 23A, 60A-G
- - grammatical agreement 23.5, 32.7, 60.11, 60C.1
- - inadmissible 23.4+6, 60.8-11
- - initial letter 60F
- - Linnaean 23.3+7-8
- - termination 23.5, 23A.3(a), 32.7, 60.11, 60C.1-2, 60D
- - to adopt 23A.1+3(a)
- - to avoid 23A.2+3(b-j), 60C.2
- - two or more words 23.1
- - under illegitimate generic name 55.1
- - with apostrophe 60.10, 60C.5(a-c)
- - with hyphen 23.1, 60.9, 60G.N.2
- - with symbol 23.3
- holomorphic 59.1-2+N.1, 59A
- name 23
- - conserved 10.4+N.2, 14.1+4+N.2
- - equivalent to type 10.1
- - illegitimate 52, 53.1, 55.2
- - legitimate 55.1
- - not regarded as such 23.6
- - tautonym 23.4
- - type 8, 8A, 9, 9A-B, 10.N.2, 37.3-7, 37A
- - - typifying name of supraspecific taxon 10.1-4+6, 22.6-7
- - valid publication 23.3-7, 32.1(d), 33.1-4, 37.1-5, 41.3, 42, App. VI
- raised infraspecific taxon 24B.2
- rank 2, 3
- unitary designation 20.4
Specimen (see also Collection and Type) 8, 8A, App. VII
- cited in protologue 9.4
- fossil 8.4-5, 8A.3
- illustrated 8A.1, 32D.2, 39A
- impossible to preserve 37.5
- reference to detail 37.N.2
Spelling, see also Original spelling, Orthography
- conservation 14.11
- correction 23.7, 45.2, 60.1+3+5-6+8-12, 60G.1(b)
- epithets 60.8-12, 60A-H
- error 60.1+8-12, 60G.1(b), 61.1
- Linnaean, generic names 13.4
- - phrase-like epithets 23.7
- standardization 60.5-6+8-12
- variant, see Orthographical variant
Spermatophyta, starting point 13.1(a)
Sphagnaceae, starting point 13.1(b-c)
“Spina”, not a generic name 20.Ex.6
Spiritus asper 60A.2
“St.” in epithets 60C.5(d)
Stability of names Pre.1, 14.1-2, 56.1
Standard species 7.Ex.10
Starting points, nomenclatural 13.1
- - taxonomic position of type 13.2
- - valid publication of names 13.1, 32.1(a)
Status, hybrid vs. non-hybrid 50
- of name 6.1-6, 12, App. VII
Stem augmentation (see also Word elements) 60C.1(b)
Stratigraphic relations 13.3
sub-, in rank designation 4.2
Subclass (subclassis), name 16A.3
- rank 4.2
Subdivision of family 4.N.2, App. VII
- including type of family name 19.4
- name 19, 19A
- - illegitimate 19.5
- - termination 19.1+3+6, 19A.1, 32.7
- - type 10.6
- - valid publication 32.1, 41.1
Subdivision of genus 4.N.2, App. VII
- assignment to genus 3.N.1
- autonyms 22.1-4+Ex.1+N.1, 22B
- - type 7.6, 10A
- change in rank 21B.4
- epithet 21, 21A-B
- - capital initial letter 21.2
- - condensed formula H.7, H.8.1
- - etymology 60H
- - form 21.2-3, 21B.3, 60B
- - from constituent species 22.6
- - grammatical agreement 21.2
- - inadmissible 21.3
- - parenthetical, in species name 21A
- - same in different ranks 22A
- - to adopt 21B.1-2+4, 22A, 60B
- - to avoid 21B.3
- - under illegitimate generic name 55.1
- homonyms 21.N.1, 53.3
- hybrid 40.N.1, H.7, H.8.1, H.9
- name 21.1
- - illegitimate 21.N.1, 53.4
- - legitimate 55.1
- - type 10.1-3+5+N.1, 22.6, 22A
- - valid publication 32.1, 33.1, 41.2, H.9
- nomenclaturally typical 10A, 22.1-2+Ex.1
Subdivision (subdivisio) or subphylum, name 16.2, 16A.2
- rank 4.2
Subfamily (subfamilia) (see also Subdivision of family), name 19.1
- rank 4.2
- - termed suborder 19.2+N.1
Subforma (see also Infraspecific taxon) 4.2
Subfossil type 11.8
Subgenus (see also Subdivision of genus), change in rank 21B.4
- epithet, preferably noun 21B.2
- - from personal name 60B
- - same in different ranks 22A
- rank 4.2, 21.1+N.1
Subjective synonym 14.4 fn., App. VII
Suborder (subordo), name 17.1
- - improper Latin termination 32.7
- rank 4.2
- - intended as subfamily 19.2
Subordinate taxa 25, 34.1(d)
Subphylum, see Subdivision
Subregnum 4.2
Subsection (subsectio) (see also Subdivision of genus) 4.2
- epithet a plural adjective 21B.2
Subseries (see also Subdivision of genus) 4.2
- epithet a plural adjective 21B.2
Subspecies (see also Infraspecific taxon) 4.2
- epithet, same in varietal rank 26A.1-2
- - maintenance in infravarietal ranks 26A.3
Substantive, see Noun
Subtribe (subtribus) (see also Subdivision of family), name 19.3
- rank 4.2
Subvariety (subvarietas) (see also Infraspecific taxon) 4.2
Suffix, see Word elements
Sum of subordinate taxa 25
Superfluous name 52.1, App. VII
- basionym legitimate 52.3
- illegitimate 52.1
- not illegitimate 52.3+N.1-2
Supplementary ranks 4.3
Suppressed works 32.9, App. VI
- approval by General Committee 32.10
- proposal under study 32F
Suprageneric names 35.2
Symbols (see also Multiplication sign) 23.3+Ex.2
- female 23.Ex.2, H.2A.1
- Linnaean 23.3, 23.Ex.2
- male H.2A.1
Synonym App. VII
- citation as 34.1, 50A
- heterotypic 11.Ex.1, 14.4, 15.Ex.3, App. IIA, App. III, IV, VII
- homotypic 11.N.2, 14.4+Ex.1+Ex.4, 52.2(e)+Ex.9+Ex.10, App. III, IV, VII
- name- or epithet-bringing 33.4+Ex.11
- nomenclatural 14.4, App. III, IV, VII
- objective 14.4 fn., App. VII
- regardless of multiplication sign H.3.3
- regardless of prefix “notho-” H.3.3
- replaced 33.4, App. VII
- subjective 14.4 fn., App. VII
- taxonomic 14.4, 53.N.1, App. III, IV, VII
Syntype(s) 9.4, 10.N.1, App. VII
- designated as lectotype 9.10
- duplicate 9.10
- inclusion of all 52.2

T

Tautonym 23.4, App. VII
Taxon (taxa) Pre. 1, Prin. I-V, 1.1, App. VII
- change in rank 19A, 21B.4, 49, 24B.2
- fossil 1.2, App. VII
- new 54A
- not treated as plants Prin. I, 32.N.1, 45.4, 54
- one correct name Prin. IV, 11.1
- parental, see under Nothotaxon
- subordinate 25, 34.1(d)
- transferred 49, 50
- treated as plants Pre. 7, Prin. I, 45.4, 54
- unranked 35.1-2
Taxonomic, articles 30A.2
- group, see Taxon
- position, see Position
- publications 30A.2
- rank, see Rank
- synonym 14.4, 53.N.1, App. III, IV, VII
Technical term, morphology 20.2
Teleomorph 59.1, App. VII
- diagnosis or description 59.2
Termination (see also Word elements) 16.3, 16A, 17, 18.1, 19.1+3, 19A.1, 20A.1(a), 60B+C.1-3+D, H.6.3-4, H.6A, H.8.2
- contrary to rules 18.4, 19.6
- correction when improper 18.4, 19.6, 60.7+11
- epithet, from geographical name 60D
- - from personal name 60.11, 60B+C1-2
- incorrect but name validly published 32.7
- Latin if possible 20A.1(a)
Tetraploid H.3.Ex.3
Trade catalogue 30.3
Tradition, botanical 62.1+2(b-c)+N.1
- classical 60A.1, 60C.2, 60E, 60G.1
Transcriptions (etc.):
ae, for ä, æ, è, é, or ê 60.6
ao, for å 60.6
diacritical signs 60.6, 60C.4
e, for è, é, or ê 60.6
h, for spiritus asper 60A.2
i & j used interchangeably 60.1, 60.5
k, permissible in Latin plant names 60.4
letters foreign to classical Latin 60.4, 60C.4
Linnaean symbols 23.3-4
ligature 60.4
n, for ñ 60.6
oe, for ö, ø, or œ 60.6
spiritus asper 60A.2
ss, for ß 60.4
u & v used interchangeably 60.1, 60.5
ue, for ü 60.6
w, permissible in Latin plant names 60.4
x, used for × H.3A
y, permissible in Latin plant names 60.4
Transfer, hybrid/non-hybrid 50, H.10.2
- to other genus or species 49
Transliteration to Latin, see Romanization
Tribe (tribus) (see also Subdivision of family), in Fries’s Systema 33.12
- name 19.3
- rank 4.1
Trigeneric hybrid, name H.6.4
Type (typus) (see also Holotype, Lectotype, Neotype, etc.) Prin. II, 7-8+10, App. VII
- acceptance, by typifying author 7.11
- anamorphic 59.3, 59A.1
- automatic 7.3-6, 10.7, 16.1, 17.1, 22.6, App. VII
- collection data 8A.1-2
- conservation (see also Type, preservation) 10.4+N.2, 14.9, App. III, IV
- correction of term 9.8+N.4
- culture 8.4, 37.N.3
- definite indication 7.5
- definition 7.2
- deposit 7A, 8B.1, 9A.4, 37.7
- designation, see Designation
- duplicate 8.3 +fn., 9.3
- equivalent term 7.11, 7.Ex.9-10, 37.6
- exclusion 47, 48, 52.2, 58.N.1+Ex.4-6
- from context of description 7.7, 9.N.1
- identification ambiguous 9.7
- illustration 8.1, 8A.1-2, 9.1-2+6-7, 37.5
- inclusion, in named taxon 10.2-3, 22.1-2, 22A, 26, 26A, 52.1-2
- - in other taxon 48
- indication 9.9, 24.3. 37.1-4, 37A
- - single element 37.3
- interpretative 9.7
- living 8.4+Ex.6, 8B.1-2
- location 7A, 8B.1, 9A.4, 37.7
- mechanical designation 9A.2, 10.5
- missing 9.2+6+9+11
- mis-use of term 9.8
- more than one individual 8.2
- more than one taxon 9.9, 9A.5
- morphotaxon 1.2
- not always typical of taxon 7.2
- not conspecific with original material 10.2
- of alternative name 10.6, 18.5
- of autonym 7.6
- of avowed substitute 7.3
- of basionym 7.4
- of condensed formula H.9.N.1
- of name, conserved 10.4+N.2, 14.3+8-9, 48.N.2, App. III-IV
- - erroneously applied 7.4
- - family 7.1, 10.6
- - - alternative 10.6, 18.5
- - fossil taxon 8.5, 13.3
- - fungal anamorph 7.9+N.1, 59.3, 59A
- - fungal teleomorph 59.1-2, 59A
- - genus 10.1-5, 10A, 14.3
- - illegitimate 7.5
- - rejected 14.3
- - nothotaxon 37.1, H.9.N.1, H.10.N.1
- - sanctioned 7.5+8
- - species or infraspecific taxon 8, 8A, 9, 9A-B
- - subdivision, of family 7.1, 10.6
- - - of genus 10.1-5+N.3, 10A, 22.6
- - subfamily, alternative 10.6
- - suprafamilial taxon 7.1, 10.7, 16.1, 17.1
- - validated by reference 7.7
- - with later starting point 7.7
- of new combination 7.4
- of orthographic variants 61.2+5
- of sanctioned name 7.8
- original 48+N.2
- preservation, impossible 8.4, 8B.2, 37.5
- - permanent 8.1-4+Ex.1, 8B.2, 37.N.3
- - place 7A, 8B.1, 9A.4, 37.7
- previously designated 9.14, 22.2, 26.2, 52.2(b)
- rediscovered 9.17
- serious conflict with protologue 9.17(b), 10.5(a)
- single specimen 8.1
- specimen data 8A.2, 37.N.2
- standard species 7.Ex.10
- stratigraphic relations 13.3
- taxonomic position 13.2, 59.3, H.10.N.1
- teleomorphic 59.1-2, 59A.1
Type-scripts 29
Typification, see Designation, Lectotype, Neotype
- principle Prin. II, 10.7
Typography 60.2
- error 60.1, 61.1
Typus, see Type

U

Unitary designation of species 20.4(b)
Unpublished, material 29
- names 23A.3(i), 34A
Unranked taxa 35.1-3
Uredinales, starting point 13.1(d)
Usage, see Custom and Tradition
- to be followed pending decision 14A, 32F
Ustilaginales, starting point 13.1(d)
- pleomorphic fungi 59.1

V

Valid publication 6.2, 12, H.9
- by reference to basionym 32.1(d)+5-6, 33.2, 33A
- correction of spelling 45.2
- date 45.1+3-4, 45B-C
- - for names of taxa not originally treated as plants 45.4
- - unaffected by conservation 14.N.3
- - unaffected by sanctioning 15.N.1
- - unaffected by spelling change 45.2
- despite taxonomic doubt 34.1
- not by mere mention of subordinate taxa 34.1(d)
- not by reference to general indices 33.6
- not of name, alternative 34.2+N.1
- - cited as synonym 34.1(c)
- - proposed in anticipation 34.1(b), H.9.N.2
- - provisional 34.1(b)
- - subdivision of family 19.5
- not when misplaced term denotes rank 33.9
- of autonym 22.3, 26.3, 32.8
- of avowed substitute 32.5-6+N.2
- of combination 33.1-8, 43
- of name, algae 36.2, 39, 45.4
- - family 18.3, 41.1
- - fossil plant 36.3, 38
- - genus 37.3, 41.2, 42
- - - Linnaean 13.4, 41.N.1
- - hybrid 40, H.9, H.10.1
- - infraspecific taxon 37, 41.3, 44.1
- - monotypic new genus 42
- - non-vascular plant 42.3
- - nothogenus H.9
- - nothospecies or lower ranked hybrid H.10.1
- - species 37, 41.3, 42.1+3-4, 44.1
- - subdivision of family 41.1
- - subdivision of genus 37.3, 41.2
- - taxon not originally treated as plant 32.N.1, 45.4
- - of new combination 32.1-6, 33.1-8, 35.1
- of orthographical variant 61.1
- requirements 32.1, 45.1
- - acceptance of name 34.1(a), 45.1
- - association of epithet with name 33.1
- - citation of basionym or replaced synonym 33.2+4
- - - despite bibliographic error 33.5
- - - despite incorrect author citation 33.5
- - citation of type data 37.2-3, 37A
- - compliance with provisions on form of name 32.1(c), 32.7
- - date reference 33.4, 45B-C
- - description or diagnosis 32.1(d)+4-5, 41, 42.1
- - - English 36.3
- - - Latin 36, 36A
- - effective publication 32.1(a)
- - illustration 38, 39, 39A, 41.N.2, 42.3, 44.2
- - - with analysis 42.3-4, 44, App. VII
- - indication of rank 35.1
- - indication of type 37, 37A
- - page and plate reference 33.4+N.1
- - reference to description or diagnosis 7.7, 32.1(d), 32A, 36, 41
- - - direct or indirect 32.1(d)+5-6, 41
- - - full and direct 32.5, 33.4-5, 45.1
- - reference to illustration 38, 39
- - specification of type herbarium 37.7
- - statement of parentage H.9
- starting points 13.1
Variant, see Orthographical variant
Variety (varietas) (see also Infraspecific taxon and Nothomorph) 4.1, H.12.2 +fn.
- abbreviation 5A
- epithet, same in subspecies rank 26A.1-2
- - maintenance in infravarietal ranks 26A.3
- single infraspecific rank 35.4
Vascular plants, Committee for Div.III.2(2)
Vernacular name 60.7, 62.3
Vice-rapporteur Div.III.3(4)
Vote, final Div.III.4(b)
- institutional Div.III.4(b2) +fn.
- personal Div.III.4(b)
- preliminary Div.III.4(a)
- qualifications Div.III.4
Vowel, connecting 60G.1(a2)
- final 60B.1(a), 60C.1(a+c)
- transcription 60.5-6

W

Wild plants in cultivation 28
Wood, fossil 8A.3
Word, Greek or Latin 60G
- last in compound, gender 62.2
- not epithet or name 20.4(a), 43.N.1
- standing independently 60.9
Word element, omitted in suprafamilial name 16.4
Word elements:
-a 60B.1(a-b), 60C.1(a+c)
-aceae 16.1, 18.1, 19.1, 19A.1
-achne 62.2(b)
-ae 18.1, 60.11, 60C.1(a), 60G.1(a1)
-ae- 60.Ex.18
-ales 17.1
-an- 60C.1(c-d)
-ana 60C.1(c)
-anthes 62.4
-anthos, -anthus 62.2(c)
-anum 60C.1(c)
-anus 60.11, 60C.1(c), 60D
-ara H.6.3-4, H.6A.1, H.8.2
-as 18.1, 60G.1(a1)
-aster (-asteris), -astrum (-astri) 61.Ex.1
-botrys 62.2(a)
-carpa, -aea, -ium, -on, -os, -um, -us 62.Ex.3
-ceras 62.2(c)
-cheilos, -chilos, -chilus 62.2(c)
-chlamys 62.2(b)
-clad- 16.4
-cocc- 16.4
-codon 62.2(a)
-cola 23.5
-cyst- 16.4
-daphne 62.2(b)
-dendron 62.2(c)
-e 60C.1(a)
-ea 60B.1(a)
-eae 19.3+6, 19A.1
-ensis 60D
-eos 18.1, 60G.1(a)
-er 60B.1(b), 60C.1(a-b)
-es 18.1, 60G.1(a1)
eu- 21.3
-gaster 62.2(b)
-glochin 62.2(b)
-i 18.1, 60.11, 60C.1(a), 60G.1(a1)
-i- 60.Ex.18, 60C.1(b+d), 60G.1(a2)+Ex.1
-ia 60B.1(b)
-iae 60.11, 60C.1(b)
-ianus, -iana, -ianum 60.11, 60C.1(d)
-iarum 60C.1(b)
-icus 60D
-idae 16A.3(c)
-ii 60.11, 60C.1(b)
-inae 19.3, 19A.1
-ineae 17.1
-inus 60D
-iorum 60C.1(b)
-is 18.1, 60G.1(a1)
-ites 62.4
-mecon 62.2(b)
-monad- 16.4
-myces 62.2(a)
-myces- 16.4
-mycetes 16A.3(b)
-mycetidae 16A.3(b)
-mycota 16.4, 16A.1
-mycotina 16A.2
-n- 60C.1(c)
-nema 62.2(c)
-nemat- 16.4
-nus, -na, -num 60C.1(c), 60D
-o- 16.1, 60G.1(a2)
-odes 62.4
-odon 62.2(a)
-oideae 19.1+6, 19A.1
-oides 62.4
-opsida 16.4, 16A.3(c)
-orum 60C.1(a)
-os 18.1, 60G.1(a1)
-osma 62.2(b)
-ou 18.1, 60G.1(a1)
-ous 18.1, 60G.1(a1)
-panax 62.2(a)
-phyceae 16.4, 16A.3(a)
-phycidae 16A.3(a)
-phycos, -phycus, -phykos 62.2(c)
-phycota 16.4
-phyta, -phyton 16.4, 16A.1
-phytina 16A.2
-pogon 62.2(a)
-rum 60C.1(a)
-sancta, sanctus 60C.5(d)
-stemon 62.2(a)
-stigma 62.2(c)
-stoma 62.2(c)
-us 18.1, 60B.1(c), 60G.1(a1)
-virales 17.1
-viridae 16A.3(c)
-virinae 19.3
-virus 20.1
Work, see Publication
World directory of collections of cultures of microorganisms 37.N.4

Z

Zoological names 54A
- nomenclature, see International code of zoological nomenclature
- taxa 54A